"Buscando espiritualmente a los Mayas"
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Nueva Era
Cultos mayas

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Castañeda, Q. E. (2021). "Buscando espiritualmente a los Mayas": hacia un enfoque decolonial de las espiritualidades mayas de la Nueva Era. Ciencias Sociales Y Religión, 23(00), e021010. https://doi.org/10.20396/csr.v23i00.15166


Este artículo es un ensayo teórico que ofrece una aproximación al estudio de la búsqueda espiritual new age en general y al estudio del espiritualismo maya new age en particular. El marco teórico de la “búsqueda espiritual” y el “medio cultual” ha sido productivo, especialmente en lo que respecta a la relación entre las tecnologías espirituales emergentes de la subjetividad, las formas de la modernidad y las lógicas capitalistas del consumismo. Sin embargo, en este artículo se identifican las deficiencias de este paradigma de investigación: no proporciona ni el enfoque analítico ni las herramientas conceptuales para entender la búsqueda de la espiritualidad a través de la alteridad de otras culturas y comunidades marcadas por la diferencia racial-étnica. Así también, se explica el uso contradictorio y confuso de los mayas y las mayas como punto de entrada para ilustrar la necesidad de atender a los procesos transculturales y a las políticas de transculturación. A partir de trabajos establecidos en la sociología de la religión sobre tipologías de culto, ofrezco criterios para crear un marco analítico de tipos ideales que pueda comenzar a abordar cuestiones de política, intercambio transcultural y dinámica de búsqueda/comunidad, así como permitir una comparación y contraste productivos de diferentes espiritualidades y religiosidades emergentes en las Américas y en otros lugares. Los primeros pasos hacia el desarrollo de este marco de tipos ideales se presentan pensando en las cuestiones de establecer la búsqueda espiritual maya de la nueva era como objeto de estudio.

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