Natural kinds and our semantic intuitions along the road

Autores

Palavras-chave:

Termos de tipo natural, Propriedades científicas, Arbitrariedade, Perfis de determinação, Contexto

Resumo

This is a comment on Gómez-Torrente’s approach to natural kinds and natural kind terms. Here I will focus on his concerns related to the arbitrariness argument and his attempt to formulate a reply to it that maintains most (if not all) of the “Kripke-Putnam orthodoxy” when it comes to the reference-fixing of such terms. Gómez-Torrente concludes that ordinary kind terms have distinct referents from scientific terms. I will challenge one of the premises that he employs in reaching this conclusion: namely, that the difference in determinacy profiles between ordinary natural kinds and scientific kinds is enough to assume that the terms referring to them do not share their referents. I also suggest that some kind of contextual interpretation of natural kind terms might provide a nice explanation of those determinacy variations.

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Biografia do Autor

Thainá Coltro Demartini, Universidade Estadual de Campinas

Mestrado em andamento em filosofia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas.

Referências

CHOMSKY, N. (2000), New Horizons in the Study of Language and Mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. GELMAN, S.A. (2003), The Essential Child. New York: Oxford University Press.

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GÓMEZ-TORRENTE, M. (2019), Roads to Reference. An Essay on Reference Fixing in Natural Language. Oxford, Reino Unido: Oxford University Press.

GRAHAM, S.A., KILBREATH, C.S. & WELDER, A.N. (2001), “Words and Shape Similarity Guide 13- month-olds’ Inferences about Nonobvious Object Properties”. In J.D. Moore and K. Stenning (Eds.) Proceedings of the Twenty Third Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Erlbaum. Hillsdale. pp. 352- 357.

KRIPKE, S. (1980), Naming and Necessity. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. LESLIE, S.J. (2007), “Generics and the Structure of Mind”. Philosophical Perspectives 21, pp.375-403, 2007.

_______. (2013), “Essence and Natural Kinds: When Science Meets Preschooler Intuition”. Oxford Studies in Epistemology 4, pp. 108-166.

ROEPER, T. STRAUSS, U. & PEARSON, B.Z. (2006), “The acquisition path of the determiner quantifier every: Two kinds of spreading”. In Current Issues in First Language Acquisition, University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers 34, pp. 97-129.

SALMON, N.U. (2005), Reference & Essence. New York: Prometheus Books, 2005.

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Publicado

2021-02-15

Como Citar

DEMARTINI, T. C. . Natural kinds and our semantic intuitions along the road. Manuscrito: Revista Internacional de Filosofia, Campinas, SP, v. 43, n. 4, p. 199–214, 2021. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/manuscrito/article/view/8664472. Acesso em: 1 out. 2022.

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