Competing or harmonic? evolution and original sin in the augustinian/reformed tradition

Autores

Palavras-chave:

Augustine, Doctrine, Original sin, Reformed tradition, Evolutionary theory, Narrative

Resumo

The complex relations between Christianity and science seem to present a critical point in evolutionary theory, especially for the challenges it poses to the doctrine of original sin. I investigate the precise senses in which evolution threatens (or not) the Augustinian/Reformed formulation of original sin, analyzing each of the six tenets of the doctrine vis a vis nine evolutionary claims, as well as the supposed clash between the narratives of evolution and Christianity. I show that the threat is less impressive than it is usually assumed, and I highlight where the conflict really lies. I defend that it is possible to remain faithful to the core of the doctrine of original sin and to accept the reliability of evolution as a scientific theory. I present three scenarios for “Adam and Eve” and interpret them using two different models. I favor the understanding of Adam and Eve as the whole initial human bottleneck viewed through the lens of a multilevel model.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Marcelo Cabral, Lutheran Theological Faculty

PhD student in philosophy with a double degree at UNICAMP and the Free University of Amsterdam. Professor of philosophy of science at Lutheran Theological Faculty (SC).

Referências

BARTHOLOMEW, C., and GOHEEN, M. The Drama of Scripture. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2004.

BEHE, M. Darwin’s Black Box: The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution. New York: Free Press, 2006.

CAVANAUGH, W., SMITH, J. Evolution and the Fall. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2017.

CHESTERTON, G. K. All Things Considered. Scotts Valley, CA: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 1915.

COLLINS, J. “Adam as Federal Head of Humankind”. In S. Rosenberg (ed.) (2018), pp. 143-159.

COLLINS, R. “Evolution and the Original Sin: The Historical/Ideal View”, BioLogos. accessed April 28, 2019. https://biologos.org/articles/evolution-and-original-sin-the-historical-ideal-view, 2014.

DUNN, J. Romans 1-8 (WBC38A). Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1988.

ENNS, P. The Evolution of Adam: What the Bible Does and Doesn’t Say About Human Origins. Grand Rapids: Brazos Press, 2012.

FALK, D. “Human Origins-The scientific story”. In W. Cavanaugh and J. Smith (eds.) (2017), pp. 3-22.

HAYS, C., HERRING, S. “Adam and the Fall”. In C. Hays and C. Ansberry (eds.) (2013), pp. 24-54.

HAM, K. “Young Earth Creationism”. In J. Stump (ed.) (2017), pp. 17-48.

HARLOW, D. “After Adam: Reading Genesis in an Age of Evolutionary Science”. Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 62: 179-95, 2010.

JAEGER, L. “Models of the Fall Including Historical Adam as Ancestor of All Humans: Scientific and Theological Constraints”. Science & Christian Belief 29: 20-36, 2017.

JOHNSON, P. Darwin on Trial. Washington: Regnery Publishing, 1991.

LAMOUREUX, D. “Beyond Original Sin: Is a Theological Paradigm Shift Inevitable?” Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 67: 35-49, 2015.

MCCOY, A. “Becoming Who We are Supposed to Be: An Evaluation of Schneider’s Use of Christian Theology in Conversation with Recent Genetic Science”. Calvin Theological Journal 49: 63-84, 2014.

MIDDLETON, R. “Reading Genesis 3 Attentive to Human Evolution: Beyond Concordism and Non-Overlapping Magisteria”. In W. Cavanaugh and J. Smith (eds.) (2017), pp. 67-97.

Our Faith: Ecumenical Creeds, Reformed Confessions, and Other Resources. Grand Rapids: Faith Alive, 2013.

PINSENT, A. “Augustine, Original Sin, and the Naked Ape”. In S. Rosenberg (ed.) (2018), pp. 130-142.

ROSENBERG, P. Finding Ourselves after Darwin: Conversations on the Image of God, Original Sin, and the Problem of Evil. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2018.

SCHNEIDER, J. “The Fall of the ‘Augustinian Adam’: Original Fragility and Supralapsarian Purpose.” Zygon 47: 949-69, 2012.

SMITH, J. “What Stands on the Fall-A Philosophical Exploration”. In W. Cavanaugh and J. Smith (eds.) (2017), pp. 48-64.

STUMP, J. Four Views on Creation, Evolution and Intelligent Design. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2017.

SWAMIDASS, J. S. The Genealogical Adam and Eve: The Surprising Science of Universal Ancestry. Downers Grove: Inter Varsity Press. 2019.

VAN DEN BRINK, Gijsbert. “Questions, Challenges, and Concerns for Original Sin”. In S. Rosenberg (ed.) (2018), pp. 117-129.

VAN DEN BRINK, Gijsbert. Reformed Theology & Evolutionary Theory. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2020.

VAN DEN BRINK, G., DE RIDDER, J., WOUDENBERG, R. “The Epistemic Status of Evolutionary Theory.” Theology and Science 15:4, 454-72, 2017.

VAN DEN TOREN, B. “Original Sin and the Coevolution of Nature and Culture”. In S. Rosenberg (ed.) (2018a), pp. 173-186.

VAN DEN TOREN, B. “Part 2: Original Sin and Evolution.” In S. Rosenberg (ed.) (2018b), pp. 111-116.

VEENHOF, J. Nature and Grace in Herman Bavinck. Translated by Albert M. Wolters. Sioux Center, IA: Dordt College Press. 2006.

VENEMA, D., MCKNIGHT, S. Adam and the Genome. Grand Rapids: Brazos Press , 2017.

WALTON, J. The Lost World of Adam and Eve: Genesis 2-3 and the Human Origins Debate. Downers Grove: Inter Varsity Press . 2015.

WALTON, J., LONGMAN, T. The Lost World of the Flood: Mythology, Theology, and the Deluge Debate. Downers Grove: IVP Academic, 2018.

WARD, K. God, Faith and the New Millennium: Christian Belief in an Age of Science. Oxford, UK: Oneworld, 1998.

WOOD, T., FALK, D. The Fool and the Heretic: How Two Scientists Moved Beyond Labels to a Christian Dialogue about Creation and Evolution. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Academic, 2019.

Downloads

Publicado

2021-12-13

Como Citar

CABRAL, M. . Competing or harmonic? evolution and original sin in the augustinian/reformed tradition. Manuscrito: Revista Internacional de Filosofia, Campinas, SP, v. 44, n. 4, p. 261–292, 2021. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/manuscrito/article/view/8668894. Acesso em: 26 set. 2022.

Edição

Seção

Artigos