Modern criticisms to natural theology and swinburne’s probabilistic approach

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Palavras-chave:

Natural theology, Inductive approach, Hume, kant, Richard swinburne

Resumo

In this article I expound some of the main criticisms by David Hume and Immanuel Kant against the legitimacy of natural theology, the philosophical activity of presenting arguments for or against the existence of God. The aim is not to contribute to the scholarship in history of philosophy, but as a starting point for describing the main lines of Richard Swinburne’s approach to natural theology in terms of inductive probabilistic arguments. His proposal has been part of a current philosophical movement of re-establishing the argumentative debate on the existence and nature of God, an area that has been growing in quantity and quality since the 1970’s.

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Biografia do Autor

Agnaldo Portugal, University of Brasília

PhD in Philosophy of Religion from King's College, University of London. Associate Professor at the Philosophy Department of the University of Brasília (DF).

Referências

COADY, C.A.J. Testimony - A Philosophical Study. Oxford: Clarendon, 1992.

DAWKINS, Richard. Climbing Mount Improbable. New York/London: W.W. Norton, 1997.

HUME, David. Dialogue concerning Natural Religion. Edited by Stanley Tweyman. London: Routledge, 1991 [1779].

KANT, Immanuel. Critique of Pure Reason. Translation by Norman Kemp Smith. London: Macmillan, 1952 [1781/87].

KANT, Immanuel. Critique of Practical Reason. Translation by Werner Pluhar. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing, 2002 [1788].

KANT, Immanuel. Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone . Translation by Theodor Greene. New York: Harper & Row, 1960 [1794].

LACKEY, Jennifer Learning from Words: Testimony as a Source of Knowledge. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

LEIBNIZ, Gottfried. Monadology. In: STRICKLAND, Lloyd. Leibniz’s Monadology - A New Translation and Guide. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2014.

PALEY, William. Natural Theology or Evidence of the Existence and Attributes of the Deity, collected from the appearances of nature. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006 [1802].

SWINBURNE, Richard. The Coherence of Theism - Second Edition. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press , 2016.

Swinburne, Richard, ‘Why Hume and Kant were mistaken in rejecting natural theology’. In: Th. Buchheim & F. Hermanni & A. Hutter & Ch. Gottesbeweise als Herausforderung für die moderne Vernunft. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2012a, pp. 317-334.

SWINBURNE, Richard. ‘What Kind of Necessary Being Could God Be’. In: European Journal for Philosophy of Religion, 4/2 (Summer), 2012b, pp. 1-18.

SWINBURNE, Richard. Is There a God? - Revised Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press , 2010.

SWINBURNE, Richard. The Existence of God - Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press , 2004.

SWINBURNE, Richard. ‘Intellectual Autobiography’. In: PADGETT, Alan. Reason and the Christian Religion. Oxford: Clarendon , 1994, pp. 1-18.

SWINBURNE, Richard. ‘The Argument from Design’. In: Philosophy - The Journal of the Royal Institute of Philosophy. Vol. XLIII, No. 165, 1968.

TAYLOR, Charles. A Secular Age. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007.

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Publicado

2021-12-13

Como Citar

PORTUGAL, A. . Modern criticisms to natural theology and swinburne’s probabilistic approach. Manuscrito: Revista Internacional de Filosofia, Campinas, SP, v. 44, n. 4, p. 564–606, 2021. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/manuscrito/article/view/8668954. Acesso em: 6 out. 2022.

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