Instituições e Políticas Moldando o Desenvolvimento Industrial: uma nota introdutória

Autores

  • Mario Cimoli Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe
  • Giovanni Dosi School of Advanced Studies
  • Richard R. Nelson Columbia University
  • Joseph Stiglitz Columbia University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/rbi.v6i1.8648941

Palavras-chave:

Política industrial. Desenvolvimento industrial. Instituições.

Resumo

Neste trabalho, elaborado como introdução às contribuições da força-tarefa sobre Políticas Industriais e Desenvolvimento, Iniciativa para o Diálogo sobre Políticas (Columbia University, Nova York), discutimos o papel das instituições e políticas no processo de desenvolvimento. Iniciamos argumentando sobre o quanto a terminologia das “falhas de mercado” pode ser enganosa para avaliar a necessidade de políticas públicas por fazer essa avaliação com base num padrão de medida que é raramente observado em qualquer mercado. Muito mais próximos da evidência empírica, nós argumentamos que mesmo quando o mercado prevalece como forma de governança de interações econômicas, estas se encontram entranhadas numa rica malha de instituições não-mercado. Isto se aplica de modo geral e particularmente à produção e uso de informação e conhecimento tecnológico. Neste trabalho nos baseamos nesse entranhamento institucional fundamental de processos de aprendizado tecnológico, tanto em países desenvolvidos quanto em países que buscam alcançar a fronteira tecnológica (catching-up), e tentamos identificar alguns ingredientes robustos de políticas que têm historicamente acompanhado a co-evolução de capacitações tecnológicas, formas de organização das empresas, e mecanismos de incentivos. Todas as experiências bem-sucedidas de catching-up e, às vezes, superação dos líderes econômicos prevalecentes – a começar pelos Estados Unidos em relação à Grã-Bretanha – envolveram “construção institucional” e medidas de políticas que afetam a imitação tecnológica, a organização de indústrias, padrões de comércio internacional, e direitos de propriedade intelectual. Argumentamos que isto certamente se aplica hoje também, mesmo no contexto de uma economia mundial “globalizada”.

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Biografia do Autor

Mario Cimoli, Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe

CEPAL, Nações Unidas, Santiago, Chile

Giovanni Dosi, School of Advanced Studies

Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Itália

Richard R. Nelson, Columbia University

Columbia University, Nova York

Joseph Stiglitz, Columbia University

Columbia University, Nova York

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Publicado

2009-08-18

Como Citar

CIMOLI, M.; DOSI, G.; NELSON, R. R.; STIGLITZ, J. Instituições e Políticas Moldando o Desenvolvimento Industrial: uma nota introdutória. Revista Brasileira de Inovação, Campinas, SP, v. 6, n. 1, p. 55–85, 2009. DOI: 10.20396/rbi.v6i1.8648941. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/rbi/article/view/8648941. Acesso em: 5 dez. 2021.

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