Banner Portal
Digital heterogeneities in developing countries
PDF (English)

Palavras-chave

Technology adoption
Digitalization
Industrial firms
Developing countries
Heterogeneity

Como Citar

TORRACCA, Julia; FERRAZ, João Carlos; BRITTO, Jorge; URRACA-RUIZ, Ana. Digital heterogeneities in developing countries: a comparative analysis. Revista Brasileira de Inovação, Campinas, SP, v. 22, n. 00, p. 1–35, 2023. DOI: 10.20396/rbi.v22i00.8668616. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/rbi/article/view/8668616. Acesso em: 19 maio. 2024.

Resumo

This article investigates patterns of digital technologies’ adoption by industrial firms of selected developing countries, namely: Argentina, Brazil, Ghana, Thailand, and Vietnam. The objective is to identify inter and intra countries’ similarities and differences in terms of digital adoption, and understand how this distribution is leading to digital heterogeneities thus reinforcing the well-entrenched structural heterogeneity prevailing in these economies. The analysis is based on surveys carried out between 2017 and 2019 that covered a panel of 1,212 firms of varied sizes and industries. The evidence shows that most firms are currently adopting a low level of digitalization and have a positive expectation for the future even with a low level of readiness. The larger and technology intensive firms are, the higher the probability of firms being digitally progressive. These results suggest an increase of inter and intra countries’ asymmetries in digital adoption, bringing the emergence of digital heterogeneities.

https://doi.org/10.20396/rbi.v22i00.8668616
PDF (English)

Referências

ABRAMOVITZ, M. (1986) Catching Up, Forging Ahead, and Falling Behind. The Journal of Economic History, Vol. 46, No. 2, The Tasks of Economic History (June, 1986), pp. 385-406.

ALBRIEU, R.; LOPEZ, C.B.; RAPETTI, M.; FERRAZ, J.C.; BRITTO, J.N.P.; KUPFER, D.; TORRACCA, J. (2019a) The adoption of digital technologies in developing countries: Insights from firm-level surveys in Brazil and Argentina. Background Paper for the IDR 2020. Vienna, Austria: United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO).

ALBRIEU, R.; BASCO, A.I; LÓPEZ, C.B; AZEVEDO, B.; PEIRANO, F.; RAPETTI, M.; VIENNI, G.; (2019b) Travesia 4.0: hacia la transformación industrial argentina. Nota Técnica no. IDB-TN-1672, Intal-BID, Buenos Aires

ANDREONI, A.; ANZOLIN, G. (2019). A revolution in the making? Challenges and opportunities of digital production technologies for developing countries. Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development Working Paper Series WP7 UNIDO - United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Vienna

BOATENG, R.; HEEKS, R.; MOLLA, A.; HINSON, R. (2011) Advancing E-Commerce Beyond Readiness in a Developing Country: Experiences of Ghanaian Firms. Journal of Electronic Commerce in Organizations, 9(1), 1-16, January-March 2011

BOGLIACINO, F.; CODAGNONE, C. (2019) Adoption of advanced digital technologies in developing countries: learning from process innovation. Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development Working Paper Series WP8 UNIDO - United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Vienna.

BRIXNER, C.; ISAAK, P.; MOCHI, S.; OZONO, M.; SUÁREZ, D.; YOGUEL, G. (2020) Back to the future. Is industry 4.0 a new tecno-organizational paradigm? Implications for Latin American countries, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 29:7, 705-719, DOI: 10.1080/10438599.2020.1719642

CANTNER, U.; VANNUCCINI, S. (2012) A New View of General-Purpose Technologies. Jena Economic Research Papers, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, No 2012-054. Available at: <https://econpapers.repec.org/scripts/redir.pf?u=http%3A%2F%2Fpubdb.wiwi.uni-jena.de%2Fpdf%2Fwp_2012_054.pdf;h=repec:jrp:jrpwrp:2012-054> Accessed on 13 Aug. 2019.

CIRERA, X.; COMIN, D.; CRUZ, M.; LEE, K. M.; MARTINS-NETO, A.S. (2021). Anatomy of technology in the firm. NBER Working Paper Series 28080. National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA 02138

D'AMBRA, J., WILSON, C.; AKTER, S. (2013). Application of the task-technology fit model to structure and evaluate the adoption of Ebooks by academics. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 64 (1), 48-64.

DAVID, P (1969), A contribution to the Theory of Diffusion Stanford Center for Research in Economic Growth, Memorandum No. 71, Stanford University.

DAVIES, S (1979), The Diffusion of Process Innovations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

DOE, J.K.; VAN DE WETERING, R.; HONYENUGA, B.; VERSENDAAL, J. (2017) Toward A Firm Technology Adoption Model (F-TAM) In A Developing Country Context. MCIS 2017 Proceedings. 23. http://aisel.aisnet.org/mcis2017/23

ECLAC - ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN. Digital technologies for a new future (LC/TS.2021/43), Santiago, 2021.

FERRAZ, J. C. (2021). Chasing the rainbow: towards an experimental framework for the assessment of digitalisation at firm level. Texto para Discussão IE/UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, n. 40, p. 41, 2021.

FERRAZ, J.C.; KUPFER, D.; TORRACCA, J. BRITTO, J.N.P: Snapshots of a state of flux: how Brazilian industrial firms differ in the adoption of digital technologies and policy implications. Journal of Economic Policy Reform, DOI: 10.1080/17487870.2019.1578651

FUDENBERG, D. and TIROLE. J. (1985), Preemption and rent equalization in the adoption of new technology. Review of Economic Studies LII, 383-401.

GAMBARDELLA; TORRISI, S. (1998). Does technological convergence imply convergence in markets? Evidence from the electronics industry. Research Policy, 27, pp. 445-463.

HALLER, S. AND SIEDSCHLAG, J. (2011). Determinants of ICT adoption: Evidence from firm-level data. Applied Economics. Volume 43, 2011 - Issue 26. Pages 3775-3788. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036841003724411

IEL/CNI et al. (2018). Industry 2027: risks and opportunities for Brazil in the face of disruptive innovations. Final report: Building the Future of Brazilian Industry. Brasília, IEL/NC.

IRELAND, N. and STONEMAN, P., (1986), ‘Technological Diffusion, Expectations and Welfare’, Oxford Economic Papers, 38, 283 -304

KUPFER, D., FERRAZ, J.C. and TORRACCA, J. (2019) “A comparative analysis on digitalization in manufacturing industries in selected developing countries: Firm-level data on Industry 4.0”. Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development Working Paper Series WP 16/2019, UNIDO

MATTHESS, M.; KUNKEL, S. (2020) Structural change and digitalization in developing countries: Conceptually linking the two transformations. Technology in Society 63 (2020) 101428. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2020.101428

OECD – ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT (2017). The next production revolution: implications for governments and business. Paris: OECD Publishing

ROGERS, E.M. (1983), Diffusion of Innovations: Third Edition, Free Press, New York, NY.

ROSENBERG, N. (1963). Technological Change in the Machine Tool Industry, 1840-1910. The Journal of Economic History, 23, 414-443.

SCHLOGL, L. (2020) Leapfrogging into the unknown: The future of structural change in the developing world, WIDER Working Paper, No. 2020/25, The United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER), Helsinki, http://dx.doi.org/10.35188/UNU-WIDER/2020/782-8

STEIBER, A.; ALANGE, S.; GHOSH, S.; GONCALVES, D. (2020) Digital transformation of industrial firms: an innovation diffusion perspective. European Journal of Innovation Management. Emerald Publishing Limited 1460-1060. DOI 10.1108/EJIM-01-2020-0018

UNCTAD - UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT (2021). Technology and Innovation Report 2021: Catching technological waves Innovation with equity. Geneva, 2021. ISBN: 978-92-1-113012-6

UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION (2019). Industrial Development Report 2020. Industrializing in the digital age. Vienna. ISBN: 978-92-1-106456-8

WB – WORLD BANK (2021). World Development Indicators, WB. Available at: https://databank.worldbank.org/source/world-development-indicators. Accessed Dec. 2021

Creative Commons License
Este trabalho está licenciado sob uma licença Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2023 Revista Brasileira de Inovação

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.