O desafio historicista à economia política

uma análise do debate metodológico na Inglaterra na década de 1870

Palavras-chave: Historicismo, Cliffe Leslie (1825-1882), John Ingram (1963-), Walter Bagehot (1826-1877), Stanley Jevons (1835-1882).

Resumo

Esse artigo analisa um debate, ocorrido na década de 1870, que se seguiu a fortes críticas lançadas por dois economistas historicistas, Thomas Cliffe Leslie e John Kells Ingram, à natureza dedutiva, abstrata e universalista da Economia Política. O objetivo desses economistas era substituir essa ciência por uma Economia de caráter indutivo e histórico. Walter Bagehot e William Stanley Jevons - defensores, respectivamente, da ortodoxia vigente e do marginalismo emergente - reagiram diretamente a esses críticos. A resposta de Bagehot foi reafirmar o método dedutivo da Economia Política, porém restringir a validade dessa ciência às sociedades comerciais avançadas como a Inglaterra. A reação de Jevons foi enfatizar a natureza dedutiva e universal da teoria econômica, mas defender a importância da existência de ramos de históricos e aplicados de investigação. Argumenta-se que, o desafio historicista colocou as questões metodológicas na ‘ordem do dia’ e fez com que esses economistas atribuíssem um ‘lugar’ para a história - mesmo que não aquele almejado por Leslie e Ingram. Analisar esse debate metodológico permite uma compreensão melhor das alternativas que se apresentavam para a Economia ao final do século XIX e pode, quem sabe, jogar luz sobre os rumos que a nossa ciência tomou nas primeiras décadas do século XX.

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Biografia do Autor

Laura Valladão de Mattos, Universidade de São Paulo

Professora do Departamento de Economia da Faculdade de Economia e Administração da Universidade de São Paulo (FEA-USP), São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

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Publicado
2019-12-15
Como Citar
de Mattos, L. V. (2019). O desafio historicista à economia política . Economia E Sociedade, 28(3), 641-663. Recuperado de https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/ecos/article/view/8658151
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Artigos