On the non-phonemic status of the velar nasal /ŋ/ in Jivaroan

Autores

  • Simon Overall La Trobe University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/liames.v8i1.1470

Palavras-chave:

Família jívaro. Phonology. Reconstruction.

Resumo

The modern Jivaroan languages and the reconstructed proto language have all been assigned a velar nasal phoneme /ŋ/ by previous analysts. In this paper I argue that such an analysis is incorrect, and propose that the velar nasals in surface forms come from two sources. The first is assimilation of an underlying unspecified syllable-final nasal archiphoneme /N/ to a following velar stop /k/. The second concerns a group of velar nasals that surface only in Aguaruna and arise as a syllable-final allophone of the phoneme /h/. I also propose to reconstruct a rhotic phoneme for the proto language rather than a velar nasal, and show that it has merged with /h/ in Aguaruna. Historical, comparative and documentary evidence is adduced to support these hypotheses.

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Biografia do Autor

Simon Overall, La Trobe University

Research Center for Lingüistic Typology (RCLT), La
Trobe University.

Referências

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Publicado

2010-04-28

Como Citar

OVERALL, S. On the non-phonemic status of the velar nasal /ŋ/ in Jivaroan. LIAMES: Línguas Indígenas Americanas, Campinas, SP, v. 8, n. 1, p. 45–59, 2010. DOI: 10.20396/liames.v8i1.1470. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/liames/article/view/1470. Acesso em: 30 nov. 2022.

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