Redes globais de inovação e interações universidade-empresa: uma análise exploratória de dados

Autores

  • Gustavo Britto Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • Ulisses Pereira dos Santos Doutorando em Economia pelo CEDEPLAR/FACE-UFMG
  • Glenda Kruss Human Sciences Research Council
  • Eduardo Albuquerque Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/rbi.v14i1.8649093

Palavras-chave:

Redes Globais de Inovação, Sistemas Nacionais de Inovação, Interação Universidade-Empresa, Projeto INGINEUS

Resumo

A literatura sobre redes globais de inovação (GINs) vem contribuindo para a identificação de mudanças na atuação de corporações multinacionais. Contudo, tal literatura ainda não explorou o papel das interações universidade-empresa nesse contexto. Objetiva-se aqui suprir essa lacuna em duas frentes. Primeiro, é apresentada uma análise exploratória de um banco de dados original contendo informações de firmas de nove países desenvolvidos e em desenvolvimento. Em segundo lugar, avalia-se a ligação entre a interação com universidades e a maturidade do sistema nacional de inovação. O método de análise de correspondência múltipla e um modelo Probit foram utilizados para avaliar os fatores-chave para as GINs. Os resultados identificam perfis diferenciados pelas características das firmas, mas que refletem padrões nacionais de associação. O modelo Probit confirma que a internacionalização produtiva e as interações locais aumentam a probabilidade de existência de interações com instituições internacionais.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Gustavo Britto, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte (MG), Brasil.

Ulisses Pereira dos Santos, Doutorando em Economia pelo CEDEPLAR/FACE-UFMG

Pesquisa nas áreas de Economia da Ciência e Tecnologia, Sistemas de Inovação e Economia Regional. Também trata de temas relacionados à economia de Minas Gerais.

Glenda Kruss, Human Sciences Research Council

Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC), África do Sul.

Eduardo Albuquerque, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte (MG), Brasil.

Referências

ALBUQUERQUE, E. National Systems of Innovation and Non-OECD Countries: notes about a rudimentary and tentative typology. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, v. 19, n. 4, p. 35-54, 1999.

AZEVEDO, J. G. Petrobrás – From Lobato to Tupi: 70 years of results and challenges for people and technology. In: 11th International Congress of the Brazilian Geophysical Society. Salvador, 2009.

BRITTO, G.; CAMARGO, O. S.; KRUSS, G.; ALBUQUERQUE, E. M. Global interactions between firms and universities. Innovation and Development, v. 3, p. 71-87, 2013.

CANTWELL, J. The globalisation of technology: what remains of the product cycle model? Cambridge Journal of Economics, n. 19, p. 155-155, 1995.

CANTWELL, J. Innovation and information technology in the MNE. In: RUGMAN, A. M. (Ed.). The Oxford handbook of international business. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009, p. 417-446.

CAVES, R. E. Multinational enterprise and economic analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

CHAMINADE, C. On the concept of global innovation networks.. Sweden: Lund University, 2009 (CIRCLE Eletronic Working Papers, 2009/05).

COHEN, W. M.; NELSON, R. R.; WALSH, J. P. Links and impacts: the influence of public research on industrial R&D. Management Science, v. 48, n. 2, p. 1-23, 2002.

DANTAS, E.; BELL, M. Latecomer firms and the emergence and development of knowledge networks: The case of Petrobrás in Brazil. Research Policy, v. 38, n. 5, p. 829-844, 2009.

DANTAS, E. The co-evolution of firm-centered knowledge networks and capabilities in late industrializing countries: the case of Petrobras in the offshore oil innovation system in Brazil. World Development, v. 39, n. 9, p. 1570-1591, 2011.

DE CAMPOS, A. L. University-industry in late-industrialising countries: a study of Unilever Brazil. Saarbruck: LAP, 2006.

DUNNING, J. H. Multinational enterprises and the global economy. Workingham: Addison-Wesley, 1995.

DUNNING, J. H.; LUNDAN, S. M. Multinational enterprises and the global economy. Edward Elgar Publishing, 2008.

DUTRÉNIT, G. Introduction to special issue – Interactions between public research organisations and industry in Latin America: a study on channels and benefits from the perspective of firms and researchers. Science and Public Policy, v. 37, n. 7, p. 471-472, 2010.

ERNST, D. Global production networks and the changing geography of innovation systems. Implications for developing countries. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, v. 11, n. 6, p. 497-523, 2002.

ERNST, D. Innovation offshoring: Asia’s emerging role in global innovation networks. Honolulu: East-West Center, 2006.

ERNST, D. A new geography of knowledge in the eletronics industry? Asia’s role in global innovation networks. Policy Studies, n. 54, 2009.

ERNST, D.; HART, D. M. Governing the Global Knowledge Economy: Mind the Gap!. Honolulu: East-West Center, 2008 (Working paper – Economics Serie, n. 93).

ERNST, D.; NAUGHTON, B. China’s emerging industrial economy: insights from the IT industry. In: MCNALLY, C. A. (Ed.). China’s emergent political economy: capitalism in the dragons’ liar. London/New York: Routledge, 2008, p. 39-59.

EUN, J. H.; LEE, K.; WU, G. Explaining the. Research Policy, v. 35, n. 9, p. 1329-1346, 2006.

EVENSON, R. E.; GOLLIN, D. Assessing the impact of the Green Revolution, 1960 to 2000. Science, v. 300, n. 5620, p. 758, 2003.

EZZRARI, A.; VERME, P. A multiple correspondence analysis approach to the measurement of multidimensional poverty in Morocco, 2001-2007. Washington DC: The World Bank, 2012 (Working Paper Series, 6087).

FIGUEIREDO, P. N. The role of dual embeddedness in the innovative performance of MNE subsidiaries: evidence from Brazil. Journal of Management Studies, n. 48, p. 417-440, 2011.

FREEMAN, C. Technology policy and economic performance. London: Pinter Publishers, 1988.

GOMPERS, P. A.; LERNER, J. The money of invention: how venture capital creates new wealth. Boston: Harvard Business Press, 2001.

GREENACRE, M. Correspondence analysis. Encyclopedia of Statistics in Behavioral Science. London: John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2005.

GREENE, W. Econometric analysis. Upper Sadlle River: Prentice Hall, 2003.

HENDERSON, J.; DICKEN, P.; HESS, M.; COE, N. YEUNG, H. W. Global production networks and the analysis of economic development. Review of International Political Economy, v. 9, n. 3, p. 436-464, 2002.

HAGEDOORN, J. Inter-firm R&D partnerships: an overview of major trends and patterns since 1960. Research Policy, v. 31, n. 4, p. 477-492, 2002.

INGINEUS. Patterns of knowledge accumulation, institutional frameworks and insertion in GINS in successful sub-national regions. 2011a. Available at: http://www.feemdeveloper.net/UserFiles/INGINEUS_D4.1.pdf. Access: 03 Jan. 2013.

INGINEUS. Methodology report: complete standardised data set containing all the information collected in all countries. 2011b. Available at: http://www.feemdeveloper.net/UserFiles/INGINEUS_D2.2_MethodologyReport(1).pdf. Access: 01 Mar. 2013

INGINEUS. Complete standardised data set. 2011c. Available at: http://www.ingineus.eu/UserFiles/INGINEUS_D2.2_Fulldatasetandcodes_VER2.zip. Access: 20 Dec. 2011.

KLEVORICK, A. K.; LEVIN, R. C.; NELSON, R. R.; WINTER, S. G. On the sources and significance of interindustry differences in technological opportunities. Research Policy, v. 24, n. 2, p. 185-205, 1995.

KRUSS, G.; ADEOTI, J.; NABUDERE, D. Universities and knowledge-based development in sub-Saharan Africa: comparing university-firm interaction in Nigeria, Uganda and South Africa. The Journal of Development Studies, v. 48, n. 4, p. 516-530, 2012.

KUEMMERLE, W. Building effective R&D capabilities abroad. Harvard Business Review, n. 75, p. 61-72, 1997.

LE ROUX, B.; ROUANET, H. Multiple correspondence analysis. Los Angeles: Sage, 2010.

LEE, K.; JOSEPH, K.; ABRAHAM, V.; EUN, J. H.; WU, G.; WANG, Y. Promoting effective modes of university-industry interactions and their evolution for economic catch up in Asia. A Research Report for IDRC. Seoul: East Asia Institute. 2009.

LEVY, R.; ROUX, P.; WOLFF, S. An analysis of science-industry collaborative patterns in a large European University. The Journal of Technology Transfer, v. 34, n. 1, p. 1-23, 2009. Available at: http://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:kap:jtecht:v:34:y:2009:i:1:p:1-23.

LORENZ, E. Organisational innovation, governance structure and innovative capacity in British and French industry. DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies, 1999 (DRUID Working Papers, n. 99-1). Available at: http://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:aal:abbswp:99-1.

LUNDVALL, B-Å. Innovation as an interactive process – from user-producer interaction to national systems of innovation. In: DOSI, G.; FREEMAN, C.; NELSON, R.; SILVERBERG, G.; SOETE, L. (Eds.). Technical change and economic theory. London: Pinter, 1988, p. 349-367.

MANSFIELD, E.; LEE, J.-Y. The modern university: contributor to industrial innovation and recipient of industrial R&D support. Research Policy, v. 25, n. 7, p. 1047-1058, 1996.

NARIN, F.; HAMILTON, K. S.; OLIVASTRO, D. The increasing linkage between US technology and public science. Research Policy, v. 26, n. 3, p. 317-330, 1997.

NARULA, R.; GUIMÓN, J. The R&D activity of multinational enterprises in peripheral economies: evidence from the EU new member states. Maastricht: UNU-MERIT, 2010.

NELSON, R. R. National innovation systems: a comparative analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.

NELSON, R. R.; WRIGHT, G. The rise and fall of American technological leadership: the postwar era in historical perspective. Journal of Economic Literature, v. 30, n. 4, p. 1931-1964, 1992.

OECD. Open innovation in global networks. Paris: OECD, 2008.

OSTRY, S.; NELSON, R. R. Techno-nationalism and techno-globalism: conflict and cooperation. Washington: The Brookings Institution, 1995.

PATEL, P. Localised production of technology for global markets. Cambridge Journal of Economics, v. 19, n. 1, p. 141-153, 1995.

PAVITT, K. What makes basic research economically useful? Research Policy, v. 20, n. 2, p. 109-119, 1991.

PRAGER, D. J.; OMENN, G. S. Research, innovation, and university-industry linkages. Science, v. 207, n. 4429, p. 379, 1980.

SUZIGAN, W.; RAPINI, M.; ALBUQUERQUE, E. A changing role for universities in the periphery. Belo Horizonte: Cedeplar-UFMG, 2011 (Textos para discussão, 420).

TETHER, B.; TAJAR, A. The organisational-cooperation mode of innovation and its prominence amongst European service firms. Research Policy, v. 37, n. 4, p. 720-739, 2008.

THE ECONOMIST INTELLIGENCE UNIT. Sharing the idea: the emergence of Global Innovation Networks. London: The Economist, 2007.

THURSBY, J.; THURSBY, M. Here or there? A survey of factors in multinational R&D location. 2006Available at: http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11675. Access: 01 Mar. 2013.

UNCTAD. World investment report 2005 – Transnational corporations and the internationalization of R&D. Geneva: United Nation Conference on Trade and Development, 2005.

Downloads

Publicado

2015-02-23

Como Citar

BRITTO, G.; SANTOS, U. P. dos; KRUSS, G.; ALBUQUERQUE, E. Redes globais de inovação e interações universidade-empresa: uma análise exploratória de dados. Revista Brasileira de Inovação, Campinas, SP, v. 14, n. 1, p. 163–192, 2015. DOI: 10.20396/rbi.v14i1.8649093. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/rbi/article/view/8649093. Acesso em: 24 jun. 2022.

Edição

Seção

Artigos

Artigos mais lidos pelo mesmo(s) autor(es)