Nathan Rosenberg: historiador das revoluções tecnológicas e de suas interpretações econômicas

Eduardo da Motta e Albuquerque

Resumo


Nathan Rosenberg (1927-2015) é um dos pilares da elaboração neoschumpeteriana e, ao lado de Christopher Freeman e Richard Nelson, um dos responsáveis pelo conjunto de obras que estabelecem pontos de partida para a abordagem evolucionista em meados dos anos 1970. Este artigo discute um elemento paradoxal na obra de Rosenberg: um autor cético quanto às ondas longas do desenvolvimento capitalista que gerou trabalhos decisivos para entender o impacto de longo prazo de revoluções tecnológicas. Parte de Schumpeter e do esquema invenção-inovaçãoimitação para demonstrar como o processo é mais complexo e multifacetado. O resultado é uma visão bem mais elaborada da propagação de revoluções tecnológicas, sistematizada no estudo da trajetória de diversas inovações radicais: motor a combustão, química, eletricidade e eletrônica. Essa contribuição teórica alimenta um diálogo com a elaboração das general purpose technologies (GPTs), que constituem uma abordagem que contém um diálogo com formulações neoschumpeterianas sobre as ondas longas do desenvolvimento capitalista.

Palavras-chave


Inovação tecnológica. História da tecnologia. Tecnologias de propósito geral.

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20396/rbi.v16i1.8649138

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