Modelo de mensuração da inovação aeroportuária

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/rbi.v20i00.8661362

Palavras-chave:

Planejamento da inovação, Mensuração da inovação, Transporte aéreo

Resumo

A identificação e mensuração da inovação aeroportuária torna-se necessária não apenas na identificação de elementos da sua infraestrutura e gestão a serem melhorados, mas também na busca por oportunidades de inovação no sentido de colaborar com a melhoria da eficiência do transporte aéreo. Nesse sentido, esse estudo está relacionado à gestão da inovação aplicada em aeroportos, dadas as limitações no estado da arte relacionadas à mensuração da inovação nesse tipo de organização. Para a operacionalização da pesquisa, a percepção integrada de diferentes stakeholders aeroportuários foi identificada a partir de uma survey com 70 profissionais atuantes no mercado brasileiro, especializados no tema de estudo, identificados aqui como pesquisadores em transporte aéreo e aeroportos, gestores de aeroportos, companhias aéreas e da indústria aeronáutica, em uma proposta de medição do nível de inovação aeroportuária a partir de diferentes indicadores. Os resultados apresentam um algoritmo para o Índice Integrado de Inovação Aeroportuária (I3A), composto por 38 variáveis mensuráveis relacionadas às práticas de inovação, procedimentos e elementos da infraestrutura aeroportuária, como novos sistemas de identificação biométrica de passageiros, sistema de acompanhamento do voo em tempo real, novos tipos de pavimento aeroportuário, bem como ações para a redução das restrições operacionais. Esse modelo pode ser utilizado em aeroportos de diferentes categorias (nacionais ou internacionais) e tamanhos (pequeno, médio e grande). Adaptações no modelo são necessárias de acordo com o contexto de cada país, seus mercados e as diferentes culturas organizacionais.

 

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Biografia do Autor

Mauro Caetano, Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica

Professor no Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica (ITA), São José dos Campos, SP, Brasil.

Cláudio Jorge Pinto Alves, Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica

Professor no Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáuticay (ITA), São José dos Campos, SP, Brasil.

Lucas Bispo de Oliveira Alves, The University of Tokyo

Doutorando na The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

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Publicado

2021-10-05

Como Citar

CAETANO, M.; ALVES, C. J. P. .; ALVES, L. B. de O. . Modelo de mensuração da inovação aeroportuária. Revista Brasileira de Inovação, Campinas, SP, v. 20, n. 00, p. e21012, 2021. DOI: 10.20396/rbi.v20i00.8661362. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/rbi/article/view/8661362. Acesso em: 2 dez. 2022.