O Atlântico negro encontra o Oceano Índico: gerando novos paradigmas para um transnacionalismo do Sul Global – Perspectivas Literárias e Culturais

Autores

  • Isabel Hofmeyr New York University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/remate.v38i1.8651431

Palavras-chave:

Oceano Índico. Sul Global. Paradigma transnacional.

Resumo

Com a recente virada transnacional nas ciências humanas e sociais, as  questões relacionadas ao translocalismo passaram a dominar a agenda acadêmica. Os estudos da África Austral orientados por perspetivas transnacionais basearam-se, geralmente, no modelo do Atlântico negro. Este artigo defende que é preciso complementar essa perspectiva com um engajamento sistemático com o Oceano Índico. O artigo descreve as principais tradições historiográficas associadas ao Oceano Índico, para realçar o modo como esses temas desafiam os pressupostos teorizados anteriormente com base no modelo do Atlântico negro. Na parte final do artigo, defende-se que a inclusão do Oceano Índico na cartografia da África do Sul ampliaria os mapas dos estudos culturais e literários desse país.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Isabel Hofmeyr, New York University

Professora de literatura africana. Seu trabalho atual enfoca a África e suas trajetórias intelectuais nos oceanos Atlântico e Índico.

Referências

ACCONE, Darryl. All Under Heaven: The Story of a Chinese Family in South Africa. Cidade do Cabo: David Philip, 2004.

ACHARYA, Gunvantrai. Dariyalal. Trad. Kamal Sanyal. Calcutta: Dictum, 2000 [1974].

AGRAWAL, Prem Nairan. Bhawani Dayal Sannyasi: A Public Worker in South Africa. Ajitmal: Indian Colonial Association, 1939.

ALI, Shanti Sadiq. The African Dispersal in the Deccan: From Medieval to Modern Times. Hyderabad: Orient Longman, 1995.

ALPERS, Edward A. Gujarat and the Trade of East Africa, c. 1500-1800. International Journal of African Historical Studies, v. 9, n. 1, 1976, pp. 22-44.

ANDERSON, Clare. “The Ferringees are Flying – The Ship is Ours!”: The Convict Middle Passage in Colonial South and Southeast Asia, 1790-1860. Indian Economic and Social History Review, v. 42, n. 2, 2005, pp. 143-186.

ANDREWS, Charles Freer. South Africa and India: Olive Schreiner’s Message. Modern Review, v. 43, n. 6, jun. 1928, pp. 641-646.

ANON. East Africa Developed by Indians. Modern Review, v. 30, n. 3, set. 1921, pp. 355-356.

ANON. Chhota Imperialists. Modern Review, v. 43, n. 3, mar. 1928a, pp. 356-357.

ANON. Indians Abroad. Modern Review, v. 43, n. 4, abr. 1928b, pp. 491-495.

ANON. Indians Abroad. Modern Review, v. 44, n. 2, ago. 1928c, p. 224.

BALACHANDRAN, Gopalan. Circulation through Seafaring: Indian Seamen, 1890-1945. In: MARKOVITS, Claude; POUCHEPADASS, Jacques; SUBRAHMANYAM, Sanjay (Eds.). Society and Circulation: Mobile People and Itinerant Cultures in South Asia 1750-1950. Deli: Permanent Black, 2003, pp. 89-130.

BAYART, Jean-Francois. The State in Africa: The Politics of the Belly. Londres: Longman, 1993.

BHANA, Surendra; BRAIN, Joy. Setting Down Roots: Indian Migrants in South Africa, 1860-1911. Jonesboro: Wits University Press, 1990.

BOSE, Sugata. A Hundred Horizons: The Indian Ocean in an Age of Global Imperialism. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2005.

BREVILLE, Tristan. Ent Route to India. In: LÉON, Pascal Martin Saint; FALL, N’Goné (Eds.). Anthology of African and Indian Ocean Photography. Paris: Revue Noir, 1999, pp. 399-425.

BULPIN, Thomas Victor. n.d. Islands in a Forgotten Sea. [S.l.]: Howard Timmins, [s.d.].

CAMPBELL, Gwyn (Ed.). Slavery and Other forms of Unfree Labour in the Indian Ocean World. In Gwyn Campbell (Introduction). The Structure of Slavery in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia. Londres: Frank Cass, 2004a, pp. vii-xxxii.

CAMPBELL, Gwyn (Ed.). The Structure of Slavery in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia.Londres: Frank Cass, 2004b.

CAMPBELL, James T. Songs of Zion: The African Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States and South Africa. Nova York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

CARTER, Marina. Voices from Indenture: Experiences of Indian Migrants in the British Empire. Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1996.

CARTER, Marina; TORABULLY, Khal. Coolitude: An Anthology of the Indian Labour Diaspora. Londres: Anthem Press, 2002.

CHABAL, Patrick; DALOZ, Jean-Pascal. Africa Works: Disorder as Political Instrument. Oxford: James Currey, 1999.

CHATURVEDI, Benarsidas; DAYAL, Bhawani. A Report on the Emigrants Repatriated to India under the Assisted Emigration Scheme from South Africa and on the Problem of Returned Emigrants from all Colonies. 1931. (Mimeo.)

CHETTY, Rajendra (Ed.). South African Indian Writings in English. Durban: Madiba, 2002.

CHRISMAN, Laura. Postcolonial Contraventions: Cultural Readings of Race, Imperialism and Transnationalism. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2003.

CHRISMAN, Laura. Beyond Black Atlantic and Postcolonial Studies: The South African Differences of Sol Plaatje and Peter Abrahams. In: LOOMBA, Ania et al. (Eds.). Postcolonial Studies and Beyond. Nova Deli: Permanent Black, 2005, pp. 252-271.

COUTO, Mia. How Ascolino do Perpétuo Socorro Lost his Spouse. In: Vozes Anoitecidas. Trad. David Brookshaw. Londres: Heinemann, 1986, pp. 29-41.

COUZENS, Tim. Moralizing Leisure Time: The Transatlantic Connection and Black Johannesburg. 1918-1936. In: MARKS, Shula; RATHBONE, Richard (Eds.). Industrialisation and Social Change in South Africa: African Class Formation, Culture, and Consciousness, 1870-1930. Londres: Longman, 1982, pp. 314-337.

DAS GUPTA, Ashin. India and the Indian Ocean World: Trade and Politics. 2 vols.: Malabar in Asian Trade 1740-1800 e Indian Merchants and the Decline of Surat C. 1700-1750. Nova Deli: Oxford University Press, 2004 [1967; 1979].

DHUPELIA-MESTHRIE, Uma. Gandhi’s Prisoner? The Life of Gandhi’s Son Manilal. Cidade do Cabo: Kwela, 2004.

DHUPELIA-MESTHRIE, Uma. The Place of India in South African History: Academic Scholarship, Past, Present and Future [Conferência]. “South Africa-India: Re-imagining the Disciplines: University of the Witwatersrand, Joanesburgo, maio 2006, pp. 19-21.

DRIVER, Dorothy. Drum Magazine (1951-1959) and the Spatial Configurations of Gender. In: NEWELL, Stephanie (Ed.). Readings in African Popular Fiction. Londres/Bloomington: International African Institute/James Currey/Indiana University Press, 2001, pp. 156-170.

EISENLOHR, Patrick. Little India: Diaspora, Time and Ethnolinguistic Belonging in Hindu Mauritius. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.

EWALD, Janet J. Crossers of the Sea: Slaves, Freedmen, and Other Migrants in the Northwestern Indian Ocean, c.1750-1914. American Historical Review, v. 105, 2000, pp. 69-92.

FAINMAN-FRENKEL, Ronit. Ordinary Secrets and the Bounds of Memory: Traversing the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Farida Karodia’s Other Secrets and Beverley Naidoo’s Out of Bounds. Research in African Literatures, v. 35, n. 4, 2004, pp. 52-65.

FATTAH, Hala. Islamic Universalism and the Construction of Regional Identity in Turn-of-the-Century Basra: Sheikh Ibrahim al-Haidari’s Book Revisited. In: FAWAZ, Leila; BAYLY, Christopher Alan. (Eds.). Modernity and Culture: From the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean. Nova York: Columbia University Press, 2002, pp. 112-129.

FAWAZ, Leila Tarazi; BAYLY, Christopher Alan (Eds.). Modernity and Culture: From the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean. Nova York: Columbia University Press, 2002.

FROST, Mark Ravinder. “Wider Opportunities”: Religious Revival, Nationalist Awakening and the Global Dimension in Colombo, 1870-1920. Modern Asian Studies, v. 36, n. 4, 2002, pp. 937-967.

GANDHI, Mohandas Karamchand Indians Abroad. Young India, 17 December. In: Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi. V. 19, 1919, pp. 184-186. Disponível em: <http://www.gandhiserve.org/cwmg/cwmg.html>.

GHOSH, Amitav. In an Antique Land: History in the Guise of a Traveller’s Tale. Londres: Vintage, 1992.

GILROY, Paul. The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness. Londres: Verso, 1993.

GLASSMAN, Jonathan. Feasts and Riot: Revelry, Rebellion, and Popular Consciousness on the Swahili Coast, 1856-1888. Londres: James Currey, 1994.

GOVINDEN, Devarakshanam. In: Sister Outsider: The Representation of identity and Difference in Selected Writings by South African Indian Women. Pretoria: Unisa Press, 2008.

GREGORY, Robert G. India and East Africa: A History of Race Relations within the British Empire. 1890-1939. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971.

GUPTA, Pamila. Mapping Portuguese Decolonisation: From Goa to Maputo and Beyond. Trabalho apresentado no “South Africa-India: Re-imagining the Disciplines”. University of the Witwatersrand, Joanesburgo, maio 2006, pp. 19-21.

GURNAH, Abdulrazak. Paradise. Nova York: New Press, 1994.

HALL, Richard. Empires of the Monsoon: A History of the Indian Ocean and its Invaders. Londres: Harpercollins, 1996.

HERGÉ. The Adventures of Tintin: The Red Sea Sharks. Trad. Leslie Lonsdale- Cooper and Michael Turner. Londres: Egmont, 1960.

HO, Engseng. The Graves of Tarim: Genealogy and Mobility across the Indian Ocean. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.

HOFMEYR, Isabel. The Idea of “Africa” in Indian Nationalism: Reporting the Diaspora in The Modern Review. Artigo apresentado no “South Africa- India: Re-imagining the Disciplines”. University of the Witwatersrand, Joanesburgo, maio 2006, pp. 19-21.

HOFMEYR, Isabel. Indian Ocean Lives and Letters: Nova Textual Circuits, Nova Book Histories. Keynote address. “A World Elsewhere: Orality, Manuscript and Print in Colonial and Postcolonial-Cultures”. Cidade do Cabo, Centre for the Book, abr. 2007, pp. 2-4.

HYSLOP, Jonathan. How the British Working Class became White: The Symbolic (Re)formation of Racialized Capitalism. Journal of Historical Sociology, v. 11, n. 3, 1999, pp. 316-340.

JAMES, Cyril Lionel Robert. From Toussaint L’Ouverture to Fidel Castro. In: GRIMSHAW, Ann (Ed.). The C.L.R. James Reader. Oxford: Blackwell, 1992 [1962], pp. 296-314.

JAYASURIYA, Shihan de S.; PANKHURST, Richard. On the African Diaspora in the Indian Ocean. In: JAYASURIYA, Shihan de S.; PANKHURST, Richard (Eds.). The African Diaspora in the Indian Ocean. Trenton: Africa World Press, 2003, pp. 1-17.

JEPPIE, Shamil. Language, Identity, Modernity: The Arabic Study Circle of Durban. Cidade do Cabo: Human Sciences Research Council Press, 2007.

JORDENS, Joseph Teresa Florent. Dayananda Sarasvati: His Life and Ideas. Deli: Oxford University Press, 1997.

KEARNEY, Milo. The Indian Ocean in World History. Londres: Routledge, 2004.

KELLY, John. A Politics of Virtue: Hinduism, Sexuality and Countercolonial Discourse in Fiji. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

KHURSAND, Khushal Chandra. Introduction. In: PARMANAND, Bhai. The Story of My Life. Nova Deli: S. Chand, 1982, pp. xi-xxiii.

KLAAREN, Jonathan. Migrating to Citizenship: Mobility, Law, and Nationality in South Africa, 1897-1937. Tese (PhD) – Yale University. Nova Haven, 2004.

LANHAM, Peter; MOPELI-PAULUS, Atwell Sidwell. Blanket Boy’s Moon. Joanesburgo: David Philip, 1984 [1953].

LINEBAUG, Peter; REDIKER, Marcus. The Many-Headed Hydra: Sailors, Slaves, Commoners, and the Hidden History of the Revolutionary Atlantic. Londres: Verso, 2000.

MASILELA, Ntongela. The “Black Atlantic” and African Modernity in South Africa. Research in African Literatures, v. 27, n. 4, 1996, pp. 88-96.

MBEMBE, Achille. On the Postcolony. Trad. A.M. Berrett, Janet Roitman, Murray Last e Steven Rendall. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.

MCPHERSON, Kenneth. The Indian Ocean: A History of People and the Sea. Deli: Oxford University Press, 1993.

MESTHRIE, Uma. Reducing the Indian Population to a “Manageable Compass”: A Study of the South African Assisted Emigration Scheme of 1927. Natalia, v. 15, 1985, pp. 36-56.

MPHAHLELE, Ezekiel. The African Image. Londres: Faber & Faber, 1974[1967].

NAIDOO, Thillayvel. The Arya Samaj Movement in South Africa. Deli: Motilal Banarsidass, 1992.

NIRANJANA, Tejaswini. Left to the Imagination: Indian Nationalism and Female Sexuality in Trinidad. Public Culture, v. 11, n. 1, 1999, pp. 223-243.

NIXON, Rob. Homelands, Harlem and Hollywood: South African Culture and the World Beyond. Nova York: Routledge, 1994.

NORTHRUP, David. Indentured Labor in the Age of Imperialism: 1834-1922. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

OJWANG, Dan Odhiambo. Writing Migrancy and Ethnicity: The Politics of Identity in East African Indian Literature. Tese (PhD) – University of the Witwatersrand. Joanesburgo, 2004.

PARMANAND, Bhai. The Story of my Life. Nova Deli: S. Chand, 1982 [1934].

PATHER, S.R. Centenary of Indians, 1860-1960. Durban: Cavalier, 1960.

PEARSON, Michael N. The Indian Ocean. Londres: Routledge, 2003.

PETERSON, Bhekizizwe. Monarchs, Missionaries and African Intellectuals: African Theatre and the Unm aking of Colonial Marginality. Joanesburgo: Wits University Press, 2000.

PINTO, Rochelle. Race and Imperial Loss: Accounts of East Africa in Goa. Artigo apresentado no “South Africa-India: Re-imagining the Disciplines”. University of the Witwatersrand. Joanesburgo, maio 2006, pp. 19-21.

RAI, Lajpat. A History of the Arya Samaj: An Account of its Origin, Doctrines and Activities with a Biograph Ical Sketch of the Founder. Nova Deli: Munshiram Manoharlal, 1992[1915].

RAMAN, Parvathi. Yusuf Dadoo: Transnational Politics, South African Belonging. South African Historical Journal, v. 50, 2004, pp. 27-48.

RAMASWAMY, Sumathi. Catastrophic Cartographies: Mapping the Lost Continent of Lemuria. Representations, v. 67, 1999, pp. 92-129.

RAMASWAMY, Sumathi. History at Land’s End: Lemuria in Tamil Spatial Fables. Journal of Asian Studies, v. 59, n. 3, 2002, pp. 575-602.

RAY, Rajat Kanta. Asian Capital in the Age of European Domination: The Rise of the Bazaar, 1800-1914. Modern Asian Studies, v. 29, n. 3, 1995, pp. 449-554.

REDIKER, Marcus. Between the Devil and Deep Blue Sea: Merchant Seamen, Pirates and the Anglo-American Maritime World, 1700-1750. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

RISSO, Patricia. Merchants and Faith: Muslim Commerce and Culture in the Indian Ocean. Boulder: Westview Press, 1995.

RUNGIAH, John. The First and Second Annual Reports of the Telegu Baptist Mission, Natal, South Africa, 1903-1905. Madras: M.E. Press, 1905.

SEGAL, Ronald. Islam’s Black Slaves: A History of Africa’s Other Black Diaspora. Londres: Atlantic Books, 2001.

SOSKE, Jon. The Indian Diaspora and African Nationalism in South Africa, 1946-1976. Artigo apresentado no “South Africa-India: Re-imagining the Disciplines”. University of the Witwatersrand, Joanesburgo, maio 2006, pp. 19-21.

TADVALKAR, G.B. Indians in British East Africa. Modern Review, v. 25, n. 2, fev. 1919, pp. 109-115.

TINKER, Hugh. A New System of Slavery: The Export of Indian Labour Overseas, 1830-1921. Londres: Oxford University Press, 1974.

TITLESTAD, Michael. Making the Changes: Jazz in South African Literature and Reportage. Pretoria: Unisa Press, 2004.

TOUSSAINT, Auguste. History of the Indian Ocean. Trad. June Guicharnaud. Londres: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1966.

VAN DER VEER, Peter. Imperial Encounters: Religion and Modernity in India and Britain. Deli: Permanent Black, 2001.

VEDALANKAR, Nardev; SOMERA, Manohar. Arya Samaj and Indians Abroad. Durban: Sarvadeshik Arya Pratinidhi Sabha, [s.d.].

VERGÈS, Françoise. Writing on Water: Peripheries, Flows, Capital, and Struggles in the Indian Ocean. Positions: East Asia Cultures Critique, v. 11, n. 1, 2003, pp. 241-257.

VISWANATHAN, Gauri. Outside the Fold: Conversion, Modernity, and Belief Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.

Downloads

Publicado

2018-06-07

Como Citar

HOFMEYR, I. O Atlântico negro encontra o Oceano Índico: gerando novos paradigmas para um transnacionalismo do Sul Global – Perspectivas Literárias e Culturais. Remate de Males, Campinas, SP, v. 38, n. 1, p. 10–41, 2018. DOI: 10.20396/remate.v38i1.8651431. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/remate/article/view/8651431. Acesso em: 27 nov. 2022.