Banner Portal
Context and Disagreement


Faultless disagreement. Contextualism. Relativism.

Como Citar

STOJANOVIC, Isidora. Context and Disagreement. Cadernos de Estudos Linguísticos, Campinas, SP, v. 59, n. 1, p. 9–22, 2017. DOI: 10.20396/cel.v59i1.8648515. Disponível em: Acesso em: 12 jul. 2024.


This paper is an occasion to take stock of the place that the argument from faultless disagreement has occupied in philosophy of language in the last fifteen years, in particular in the debate between contextualism and relativism. The survey offered in the first part of the paper appears to show that the phenomenon of disagreement fails to provide any strong motivation for adopting any novel semantic framework, contrary to relativists’ claims. But, on a more positive note, the interest in disagreement has allowed us to better understand how language works. The second part of the paper explains how the fine-grained structure of meaning – at the level of words, sentences and even entire discourse – reveals a variety of sources that may lead discourse participants to disagree.


Bierwisch, Manfred. The Semantics of gradation, in Bierwisch, M. and Ewald Lang (eds.), Dimensional Adjectives. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. 1989, 71-261.

Bylinina, Lisa. The Grammar of Standards: Judge-Dependence, Purpose-Relativity, and Comparison Classes in Degree Constructions. LOT Dissertation Series 347. Utrecht: LOT, 2014.

Cepollaro, Bianca and Isidora Stojanovic. Hybrid Evaluatives. Grazer Philosophische Studien. 2016, 458-488.

Egan, Andy, John Hawthorne and Brian Weatherson. Epistemic Modals in Context, in Preyer, G. and Peter, G. (eds.) Contextualism in Philosophy, OUP. 2005, 131-168.

Gibbard, Alan. Wise Choices, Apt Feelings: a Theory of Normative Judgement. Harvard University Press, 1992.

Glanzberg, Michael. Context, Content and Relativism. Philosophical Studies. 2007, 136:1-29.

Huvenes, Torfinn. Varieties of disagreement and predicates of taste. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (1):167-181, 2012.

Kennedy, Christopher and Louise McNally. Scale structure, degree modification and the semantics of gradable predicates. Language 81:345-381, 2005.

Kneer, Markus. Perspective in Language. PhD dissertation, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris, 2015.

Kölbel, Max. Truth Without Objectivity. Routledge, 2002.

Lasersohn, Peter. Context dependence, disagreement, and predicates of personal taste. Linguistics and Philosophy 28: 643-686, 2005.

López de Sa, Dan. Presuppositions of commonality: an indexical relativist account of disagreement, in Relative Truth, eds. M.García-Carpintero and M. Kölbel (Oxford: Oxford University Press). 2008, 297-310.

López de Sa, Dan. Expressing Disagreement: A Presuppositional Indexical Contextualist Relativist Account. Erkenntnis 80: 153-165, 2015.

Marques, Teresa and Manuel García-Carpintero. Disagreement about taste: commonality presuppositions and coordination. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92: 701-723, 2014.

Marques, Teresa. Doxastic disagreement. Erkenntnis 79: 121-142, 2014.

Marques, Teresa. Disagreeing in Context. Frontiers in Psychology 6: 257, 2015.

Moltmann, Friederike. Relative Truth and the First Person, Philosophical Studies 150: 187-220, 2010.

Pearson, Hazel. A judge-free semantics for predicates of personal taste. Journal of Semantics 30:103-154, 2013.

Plunkett, David & Sundell, Timothy. Disagreement and the semantics of normative and evaluative terms. Philosophers’ Imprint 13: 1-37, 2013.

Richard, Mark. When Truth Gives Out. Oxford University Press, 2008.

Sæbø, Kjell Johan. Judgement ascriptions. Linguistics and Philosophy 32: 327-352, 2009.

Sassoon, Galit W. A typology of multidimensional adjectives. Journal of Semantics 30: 335-380, 2013.

Stephenson, Tamina. Judge-Dependence, Epistemic Modals, and Predicates of Personal Taste. Linguistics and Philosophy 30: 487-525, 2007.

Stojanovic, Isidora. Talking about taste: Disagreement, implicit arguments, and relative truth. Linguistics and Philosophy 30: 691-706, 2007.

Stojanovic, Isidora. When (True) Disagreement Gives Out. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 11 (32):183-195, 2011.

Stojanovic, Isidora. Emotional Disagreement. Dialogue 51 (1): 99-117, 2012a.

Stojanovic, Isidora. On Value-Attributions: Semantics and Beyond. The Southern Journal of Philosophy 50(4): 621-638, 2012b.

Stojanovic, Isidora. Metaethical Relativism, in McPherson, T. and D. Plunkett (eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Metaethics. Routledge. 119-132, 2017.

Sundell, Timothy. Disagreements about taste. Philosophical Studies 155: 267-288, 2011.

Sundell, Timothy. Aesthetic Negotiations, in Young, J. (ed.) The Semantics of Aesthetic Judgment. Oxford: OUP, 2017.

Väyrynen, Pekka. Objectionable Thick Concepts in Denials. Philosophical Perspectives 23: 439-69, 2009.

O periódico Cadernos de Estudos Linguísticos utiliza a licença do Creative Commons (CC), preservando assim, a integridade dos artigos em ambiente de acesso aberto.


Não há dados estatísticos.