Mudanças do desempenho da força explosiva durante um ciclo anual em voleibolistas na puberdade

Autores

  • Jefferson Eduardo Hespanhol Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas
  • Miguel de Arruda Universidade Estadual de Campinas

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/conex.v8i3.8637728

Palavras-chave:

Treinamento (Voleibol). Jovens-Atividades esportivas. Maturação. Puberdade. Força.

Resumo

O propósito desse estudo consistiu em investigações nas mudanças no desempenho da força explosiva (FE), força explosiva elástica (FEE), força explosiva elástica reflexa (FEER) em voleibolistas durante um ciclo anual. A amostra examinada foi composta por 43 voleibolistas do sexo masculino. Os desempenhos das variáveis dependentes foram mensurados através dos testes de salto verticais com meio agachamento partindo de uma posição estática (SJ), teste de salto vertical com contra-movimento, sem a contribuição dos membros superiores (CMJ), e o teste de saltos verticais contínuos com duração de 5 segundos sem a contribuição dos joelhos e membros superiores (CJ5s). As coletas foram realizadas antes e depois dos períodos de preparação e competição, sendo as medidas feitas em tapete de contato Jump Test. Superiores desempenhos dos pos-púberes comparado aos púberes foram observados. Em púberes foram observadas significantes mudanças no ciclo anual nas variáveis do desempenho da FE e FEE apresentando aumentos, no entanto não foram encontradas mudanças significantes na FEER, mesmo que os resultados revelando aumentos de desempenho. Os pos-púberes demonstraram aumentos significantes para os desempenhos da FE, FEE e FEER. Deste modo conclui-se que as mudanças foram lineares para os púberes e não lineares para os pós-púberes.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Jefferson Eduardo Hespanhol, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas

Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas - PUCC-Campinas - Campinas, São

Miguel de Arruda, Universidade Estadual de Campinas

Faculdade de Educação Física - UNICAMP - Campinas, São Paulo - Brasil

Referências

SEJERSTED, O. M. et al. Muscle performance--fatigue, recovery and trainability. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, v.162, p. 181-182, 1998.

MALINA, R. M.; BOUCHARD, C.; BAR-OR, O. Crescimento, maturação, e atividade física. São Paulo: Phorte, 2009.

BLIMKIE, C. J. R.; SALE, D. G. Strength development and trainability during childhood. In: VAN PRAAGH, E. Pediatric anaerobic performance. Champaign: Human Kinetics, 1998. Chapter 9. p.193-224.

CROIX, M. S. Advances in pediatric strength assessment: changing our perspective on strength development. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, v.6, p. 292-304, 2007.

FAIGENBAUM, A. D. et al. The effects of a twice-a-week strength training program on children. Pediatric Exercise Science, v. 5, p. 339-346, 1993.

FAIGENBAUM, A. D.; WESCOTT, W. L.; MICHELI. L. J.; The effects of strength training and detraining on children. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, v.10, p.109-114, 1996.

FAIGENBAUM, A. D. et al. The effects of different resistance training protocols on muscular strength and endurance development in children. Pediatrics, v.104, p.1-7, 1999.

FAIGENBAUM, A. D.; MILIKEN, L. A.; WESTCOTT, W. L. Maximal strength testing in healthy children. Journal Strength Conditioning Research, v.17, p.162-166, 2003.

CHRISTOU, M.et al. Effects of resistance training on the physical capacities of adolescent soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, v.20, p.783-791, 2006.

INGLE, L.; SLEAP, M.; TOLFREY, K. The effect of a complex training and detraining programmer on selected strength and power variables in early pubertal boys. Journal of Sports Sciences, v.24, p. 987 – 997, 2006.KLAUSEN; SCHIBYE; RASMUSSEN, 1989.

MIKKOLA, J. et al. Concurrent endurance and explosive type strength training improves neuromuscular and anaerobic characteristics in young distance runners. International Journal of Sports Medicine, v. 28, p. 602-611, 2007.

DIALLO, O.; DORE, E.; DUCHE, P.; VAN PRAAGH, E. Effects of plyometric training followed by a reduced training program me on physical performance in prepubescent soccer players. Journal Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, v. 41, p. 342-48, 2001.

KOTZAMANIDIS, C. Effect of plyometric training on running performance and vertical jumping in prepubertal boys. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, v. 20, 441-445, 2006.

MATAVULJ, D. et al. Effects of plyometric training on jumping performance in junior basketball players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, v. 41, p.159-164, 2001.

HÄKKINEN, K.; KESKINEN, K. L. Muscle cross sectional area and voluntary force production characteristics in elite strength and endurance trained athletes and sprinters. European Journal of Applied Physiology, v. 59, p. 215-220, 1989.

LILLEGARD, W. A. et al. Efficacy strength training in prepubescent males female: effects of gender and maturity. Pediatric Rehabilitee, v.1, p.147-157, 1997.

MERO, A.; JAKKOLA, L.; KOMI, P. V. Serum hormones and physiological performance capacity in young boys athletes during a 1 years training period, European Journal of Applied Physiology, v. 60, p.32-37, 1990.

RAMSAY, J. A. et al. Strength effects in prepubescent boys. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, v.14, p.134-143, 1990.

BLIMKIE, C. J. Resistance during training pre-and early puberty: efficacy, trainability, mechanism, and persistence. Canadian Journal Sport Science, v.17, p. 264-279, 1992.

FRISANCHO, A. R. Anthropometric standards for the assessment of growth and nutritional status. Ann Arbor: University Michigan Press, 1990.

TANNER, J. M. Growth at adolescence, with a general consideration of the effects of hereditary and environmental factors upon growth and maturation from birth to maturity. 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell, 1962.

BOSCO, C.et al. Effetto della vibrazione su forza esplosiva, resistenza alla forza veloce e flessibilità muscolare. Medicina Dello Sport, v. 54, p. 287-293, 2001.

KOMI, P. V.; BOSCO, C. Utilization of stored elastic energy in leg extensor muscles by men. Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise, v.10, n. 14, p. 261-265, 1978.

VAN PRAAGH, E.; DORÉ, E. Short-term muscle power during growth and maturation. Sports Medicine, v. 32, p.701-28, 2002.

PAASUKE, M.; ERELINE, J.; GPEYEVA, H. Twitch contraction properties of plantar flexor muscles in pre and pos-puberal boys and men. European Journal Applied Physiology, v.82, p.459-464, 2000.

WOOD, L. E. et al. Elbow flexion and extension strength relative to body or muscle size in children. Medicine and Science in Sports Exercise, v.36, p. 1977-1984, 2004.

DEIGHAN, M. et al.Measurement of maximal muscle cross-sectional area of the elbow extensors and flexors in children, teenagers and adults. Journal of Sports Sciences, v. 24, p.543-546, 2006.

FAIGENBAUM, A. D.et al. Effects of a short-term plyometric and resistance training program on fitness performance in boys age 12 to 15 years. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, v. 6, p. 519-525, 2007.

GABRIEL, D. A.; KAMEN, G.; FROSN, G. Neural Adaptations to Resistive Exercise: Mechanisms and Recommendations for Training Practices. Sports Medicine, v. 36, p.133-149, 2006.

BOJSEN-MØLLER, J. et al. Muscle performance during maximal isometric and dynamic contractions is influenced by the stiffness of the tendinous structures. Journal of Applied Physiology, v. 99, p. 2477, 2005.

PETERSON, M. D.; ALVAR, B. A.; RHEA, M. R. The contribution of maximal force production to explosive movement among young collegiate athletes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, v. 20, p.867-873, 2006.

COUTTS, A. J.; MURPHY, A. J.; DASCOMBE, B. J. Effect of direct supervision of a strength coach on measures of muscular strength and power in young rugby league players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, v.18, p.316-323, 2004.

GOROSTIAGA, E. M. et al. Strength training effects on physical performance and serum hormones in young soccer players. European Journal of Applied Physiology, v. 93, p. 507, 2005.

NUZZO, J. L. et al. Relationship between countermovement jump performance and multipoint isometric and dynamic tests of strength. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, v. 22, p. 699-707, 2008.

KUBO, K. et al. Effects of plyometric and weight training on muscle-tendon complex and jump performance. Medicine and Science in Sports Exercise, v. 39, p. 1801-1810, 2007.

SANTOS, E. J.; JANEIRA, M. A. Effects of complex training on explosive strength in adolescent male basketball players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, v. 22, p. 903-9, 2008.

STANGANELLI, L. C. et al. Adaptations on jump capacity in Brazilian volleyball players prior to the under-19 World Championship. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, v. 22, n. 3, p. 741-9, 2008.

Downloads

Publicado

2011-01-04

Como Citar

HESPANHOL, J. E.; ARRUDA, M. de. Mudanças do desempenho da força explosiva durante um ciclo anual em voleibolistas na puberdade. Conexões, Campinas, SP, v. 8, n. 3, p. 64-83, 2011. DOI: 10.20396/conex.v8i3.8637728. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/conexoes/article/view/8637728. Acesso em: 27 out. 2020.

Edição

Seção

Artigos

Artigos mais lidos pelo mesmo(s) autor(es)