Adaptações neuromusculares ao exercício físico: síntese de uma abrangente temática

  • Rômulo José Dantas Medeiros Universidade Estadual de Pernambuco
  • Maria do Socorro Cirilo de Souza Universidade Estadual de Pernambuco
Palavras-chave: Músculo esquelético. Exercício físico. Adaptações Neuromusculares.

Resumo

O músculo esquelético humano é um maleável tecido orgânico que apresenta como principal característica uma eximia capacidade adaptativa neurofisiológica, metabólica e morfológica, que se expressa diante de estímulos advindos do exercício físico. No âmbito do treinamento físico, podem-se destacar as atividades de caráter aeróbio, que promovem o aperfeiçoamento funcional das fibras de contração lenta (TIPO IA), por meio do aprimoramento da capacidade respiratória das mitocôndrias, viabilizado pelo aumento do número e tamanho destas; anaeróbio, que tem os incrementos de força, potência e a ocorrência da hipertrofia muscular como suas principais respostas representantes; e o treinamento concorrente, que ao integrar os dois citados treinos em um mesmo plano regular de exercício físico, promove respostas adaptativas de menor amplitude quando comparadas às possibilitadas pelos referidos realizados isoladamente. Em adição, evidencia-se que na atualidade a biologia molecular se encontra como uma importante ferramenta para o estudo das respostas adaptativas neuromusculares, onde o conhecimento da relação estímulo físico, expressão gênica e formação e proliferação celular, concretiza-se como a base que fundamenta os procedimentos desta área.

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Biografia do Autor

Rômulo José Dantas Medeiros, Universidade Estadual de Pernambuco
Mestrando do Programa Associado de Pós-Graduação em Educação Física UPE/UFPB.
Maria do Socorro Cirilo de Souza, Universidade Estadual de Pernambuco
Atualmente é professora Associada III da Universidade Federal da Paraíba, ministra disciplinas no curso de Bacharelado e Licenciatura em Educação Física, coordena o Núcleo de Estudos em Movimento Humano e LABOCINE. 

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Publicado
2009-04-01
Como Citar
Medeiros, R. J. D., & Souza, M. do S. C. de. (2009). Adaptações neuromusculares ao exercício físico: síntese de uma abrangente temática. Conexões, 7(1), 98-120. https://doi.org/10.20396/conex.v7i1.8637788
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