Valgo dinâmico de joelho e desempenho de salto entre atletas jovens de voleibol

um estudo preliminar

Palavras-chave: Treinamento esportivo, Desempenho atlético, Força muscular

Resumo

Objetivo: O valgo dinâmico de joelho é uma disfunção de movimento muito comum entre os atletas de vôlei, sendo fator de risco para lesões nessa articulação, o que poderia impactar negativamente a produção de potência muscular. Dessa forma, o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência da lateralidade do valgo dinâmico de joelho (uni- vs. bi-lateral) no desempenho do salto horizontal de atletas jovens de vôlei. Metodologia: Para tanto, foram selecionados 22 atletas de voleibol competitivos (oito do sexo masculino e 14 do feminino) que foram divididos nos grupos: valgo de joelho unilateral [VU - n=10, idade (anos): 13,7±1,4; massa corporal (kg): 56,9±12,9; estatura (cm): 163,5±9,2] e bilateral [VB - n=12, idade (anos): 13,6±2,3; massa corporal (kg): 52,8±13,8; estatura (cm): 165,91±8,65]. Os atletas realizaram três saltos horizontais e as distâncias horizontais obtidas (a melhor de três tentativas em cm) foram submetidas ao teste t para amostras independentes para verificar diferenças entre os grupos VU e VB. Resultados e discussão: Não foram observadas diferenças significativas entre os grupos VU vs. VB no teste de salto horizontal (VU: 166,2 ± 22,0 cm; VB: 162,6 ± 21,3 cm; p=0,703). Conclusão: Na casuística do presente estudo, a presença do valgo dinâmico de joelho/lateralidade não se mostrou um fator que pode influenciar no desempenho físico, particularmente da potência muscular de membros inferiores avaliada através de testes de salto horizontal, de atletas jovens de voleibol.

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Biografia do Autor

Caroline Binow-Moreira, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Centro de Educação Física e Desportos

Discente (graduação) do Centro de Educação Física e Desportos

Karine Jacon Sarro, Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Faculdade de Educação Física

Mestrado e doutorado na FEF/UNICAMP na área de biomecânica. Ex docente dos cursos de Educação Física da UFES, responsável pelas disciplinas de anatomia humana, cinesiologia e biomecânica. Atualmente docente da FEF/UNICAMP responsável pela disciplina Esportes de Raquete. Orientadora de mestrado no programa de pós-graduação em Educação Física da UFES.

Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Faculdade de Educação Física e Dança, Setor de Fisiologia Humana e do Exercício

Docente do Setor de Fisiologia Humana e do Exercício, Faculdade de Educação Física e Dança

Hudson Renato de Paula Oliveira, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Centro de Educação Física e Desportos

Discente (mestrado) do Centro de Educação Física e Desportos

Weverton Rufo-Tavares, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Centro de Educação Física e Desportos

Discente (mestrado) do Centro de Educação Física e Desportos

Marilia dos Santos Andrade, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Departamento de Fisiologia

Docente do Departamento de Fisiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo

Rodrigo Luiz Vancini, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Centro de Educação Física e Desportos

Docente do Centro de Educação Física e Desportos, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo

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Publicado
2019-03-29
Como Citar
Binow-Moreira, C., Sarro, K. J., de Lira, C. A. B., Oliveira, H. R. de P., Rufo-Tavares, W., Andrade, M. dos S., & Vancini, R. L. (2019). Valgo dinâmico de joelho e desempenho de salto entre atletas jovens de voleibol. Conexões: Educação Física, Esporte E Saúde, 17, e019003. https://doi.org/10.20396/conex.v17i0.8652303
Seção
Artigo Original