Reality status in Kampan languages and its partial loss in Ucayali-Pajonal Ashéninka

Resumo

The Kampan languages have the grammatical feature called reality status, which consists of obligatory verbal affixes that express a binary opposition between realized and unrealized events. Although the validity of this grammatical category has been questioned for its lack of consistency cross-linguistically, the pan-Kampan system has been presented as an example of a canonical reality status opposition. This article examines and compares the almost identical reality status systems of all Kampan languages, and then, based on dedicated fieldwork, goes on to describe the change that Ucayali-Pajonal Ashéninka has undergone. This change consists in the loss of the reality status system in most I-class verbs, the largest by far of the two verb classes typical of Kampan languages, and makes Ucayali-Pajonal Ashéninka divergent in this aspect from the other Kampan languages. This loss shows a grammatical change taking place and therefore poses some questions about the evolution of such a grammatical feature, which are analyzed in the conclusions.

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Biografia do Autor

Toni Pedrós, Universiteit Leiden

Leiden University Centre for Linguistics. Candidato a doctorado.

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Publicado
2019-05-29
Como Citar
Pedrós, T. (2019). Reality status in Kampan languages and its partial loss in Ucayali-Pajonal Ashéninka. LIAMES: Línguas Indígenas Americanas, 19, e019007. https://doi.org/10.20396/liames.v19i1.8653570
Seção
Artigos