Ventilação natural e qualidade do ar em salas de aula

revisão sistemática da literatura

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/parc.v13i00.8666284

Palavras-chave:

Qualidade do ar interior, Ventilação natural, QAI, CO2, Salas de aula

Resumo

Utilizar espaços internos é inerente aos seres humanos, que passam, em média, a maior parte do tempo nesses locais. As salas de aula são alvo de crescente preocupação científica sobretudo quando submetidas a baixas taxas de renovação de ar. O dióxido de carbono é, tradicionalmente, considerado um indicador da qualidade do ar interior (QAI). No ambiente escolar, altas concentrações desse gás estão relacionadas à diminuição da cognição e do desempenho dos estudantes. O objetivo deste estudo foi fazer uma revisão da literatura de artigos que tratam da QAI e dos níveis de CO2 em salas de aula com ventilação natural. A metodologia adotada foi a Revisão Sistemática da Literatura (RSL). Realizou-se uma seleção de artigos junto ao Portal de Periódicos da Capes e ScienceDirect, que resultou na inclusão e análise de 34 artigos. Como resultados, observou-se que, frequentemente, as salas de aula operam com concentrações médias de CO2 superiores a 1000 ppm, bem como, uma significativa relação pico-média, o que indica a baixa eficiência da renovação de ar. Os trabalhos indicaram que a ação dos usuários, por meio do julgamento subjetivo e do comportamento adaptativo, influenciou o aumento dos níveis desse gás, assim como a abertura de janelas e portas nos intervalos de aula não foi suficiente para manter a qualidade recomendada. Essa temática ganhou relevância devido à pandemia do COVID-19 em 2020, em que ficou evidente a necessidade de estratégias adequadas para a dispersão dos contaminantes.

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Biografia do Autor

Saulo Vieira de Oliveira Silva, Instituto Federal do Espírito Santo

Mestrando em Arquitetura e Cidade na Universidade Vila Velha . Professor do Instituto Federal do Espírito Santo (Vitória - ES, Brasil).

Érica Coelho Pagel, Universidade Vila Velha

Doutora em Engenharia Ambiental pela Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Professora Titular da Universidade Vila Velha (Vila Velha - ES, Brasil).

Leopoldo Eurico Gonçalves Bastos, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Doutor em Ciências em Engenharia Mecânica pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Professor Colaborador no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro - RJ, Brasil).

Cynthia Marconsini , Universidade Vila Velha

Doutora em Arquitetura pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Professora da Universidade Vila Velha (Vila Velha - ES, Brasil).

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2022-06-13

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SILVA, S. V. de O.; PAGEL, Érica C.; BASTOS, L. E. G.; MARCONSINI , C. . Ventilação natural e qualidade do ar em salas de aula: revisão sistemática da literatura. PARC Pesquisa em Arquitetura e Construção, Campinas, SP, v. 13, n. 00, p. e022021, 2022. DOI: 10.20396/parc.v13i00.8666284. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/parc/article/view/8666284. Acesso em: 9 dez. 2022.

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