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Ventilação natural e qualidade do ar em salas de aula
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Palavras-chave

Qualidade do ar interior
Ventilação natural
QAI
CO2
Salas de aula

Como Citar

SILVA, Saulo Vieira de Oliveira; PAGEL, Érica Coelho; BASTOS, Leopoldo Eurico Gonçalves; MARCONSINI , Cynthia. Ventilação natural e qualidade do ar em salas de aula: revisão sistemática da literatura. PARC Pesquisa em Arquitetura e Construção, Campinas, SP, v. 13, n. 00, p. e022021, 2022. DOI: 10.20396/parc.v13i00.8666284. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/parc/article/view/8666284. Acesso em: 29 maio. 2024.

Resumo

Utilizar espaços internos é inerente aos seres humanos, que passam, em média, a maior parte do tempo nesses locais. As salas de aula são alvo de crescente preocupação científica sobretudo quando submetidas a baixas taxas de renovação de ar. O dióxido de carbono é, tradicionalmente, considerado um indicador da qualidade do ar interior (QAI). No ambiente escolar, altas concentrações desse gás estão relacionadas à diminuição da cognição e do desempenho dos estudantes. O objetivo deste estudo foi fazer uma revisão da literatura de artigos que tratam da QAI e dos níveis de CO2 em salas de aula com ventilação natural. A metodologia adotada foi a Revisão Sistemática da Literatura (RSL). Realizou-se uma seleção de artigos junto ao Portal de Periódicos da Capes e ScienceDirect, que resultou na inclusão e análise de 34 artigos. Como resultados, observou-se que, frequentemente, as salas de aula operam com concentrações médias de CO2 superiores a 1000 ppm, bem como, uma significativa relação pico-média, o que indica a baixa eficiência da renovação de ar. Os trabalhos indicaram que a ação dos usuários, por meio do julgamento subjetivo e do comportamento adaptativo, influenciou o aumento dos níveis desse gás, assim como a abertura de janelas e portas nos intervalos de aula não foi suficiente para manter a qualidade recomendada. Essa temática ganhou relevância devido à pandemia do COVID-19 em 2020, em que ficou evidente a necessidade de estratégias adequadas para a dispersão dos contaminantes.

https://doi.org/10.20396/parc.v13i00.8666284
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