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Automação da modelagem BIM a partir de nuvens de pontos
Neste volume apresentamos na capa a Residência para professores em Gando, Burkina Faso. Projetada por Francis Kéré. Imagem do Wikimedia Commons
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Palavras-chave

Nuvem de pontos
Revisão sistemática de literatura
Modelagem da informação da construção
BIM

Como Citar

LOPES, Igor Tiago; GROETELAARS, Natalie Johanna; CHECCUCCI, Érica de Sousa; AMORIM, Arivaldo Leão. Automação da modelagem BIM a partir de nuvens de pontos: uma revisão sobre métodos e técnicas. PARC Pesquisa em Arquitetura e Construção, Campinas, SP, v. 14, n. 00, p. e023010, 2023. DOI: 10.20396/parc.v14i00.8669015. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/parc/article/view/8669015. Acesso em: 27 maio. 2024.

Resumo

O surgimento de novas ferramentas que auxiliam no levantamento arquitetônico rápido e preciso, aliado à ascensão do uso de modelos Building Information Modeling (BIM) para edificações existentes tem impulsionado profissionais do setor da arquitetura e engenharia a buscar métodos para agilizar a modelagem e obter melhores resultados dentro dos seus fluxos de trabalho. Embora já conhecidos os potenciais do BIM para edificações existentes, a geração desse tipo de modelo ainda apresenta desafios. O uso de tecnologias de levantamento de dados 3D (como escaneamento a laser e fotogrametria) como base para modelagem BIM traz consigo a oportunidade de geração de modelos mais detalhados e precisos além de maior rapidez na aquisição de dados. Neste sentido, este artigo apresenta uma Revisão Sistemática de Literatura (RSL) com intuito de reunir e discutir os principais métodos e técnicas que têm sido utilizados para automatização do processo de modelagem BIM com base em nuvens de pontos. Buscou-se os trabalhos publicados em bases de dados especificas durante o período compreendido entre 2015 e 2021. Além da análise bibliométrica, foi realizada uma análise qualitativa na qual os artigos foram classificados de forma a enquadrar todos os trabalhos selecionados. A partir da RSL, verifica-se diferentes ferramentas e processos que se complementam, mas que ainda requerem interação humana, seja para selecionar trechos da nuvem de pontos, fazer a associação com elementos construtivos ou ainda complementar o modelo de modo interativo.

https://doi.org/10.20396/parc.v14i00.8669015
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Referências

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