Motivações do P&D transnacional em Brasil e efeitos locais de absorção de conhecimento

Autores

  • Ana Urraca Ruiz Universidade Federal Fluminense

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/rbi.v14i2.8649114

Palavras-chave:

Internacionalização tecnológica. Política industrial e tecnológica. Capacitação local. Transferência tecnológica. Absorção de conhecimento.

Resumo

Este trabalho tem como objetivo discutir as características do P&D transacional em países emergentes, a partir do ponto de vista das estratégias globais das grandes corporações transnacionais (GCTs) e das vantagens oferecidas pelos receptores, fazendo uma especial referência ao caso brasileiro. As tradicionais motivações para a internacionalização tecnológica baseadas na visão home-base tiveram que ser ampliadas para explicar a nova geografia da inovação voltada para países emergentes sob uma visão host-base. Os principais atrativos destes países são o tamanho de seus mercados, as especificidades de suas demandas e menores custos relativos de P&D compatíveis com níveis aceitáveis de qualidade de seus recursos tecnológicos. Indicadores recentes colocam o Brasil como receptor de investimentos líquidos em P&D, embora o direcionamento seja assimétrico entre setores e tecnologias. As potencialidades locais que o Brasil oferece poderiam representar uma fonte de criação de capacitação local, a partir da combinação de esforços internos e externos com políticas públicas de absorção de conhecimento.

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Biografia do Autor

Ana Urraca Ruiz, Universidade Federal Fluminense

Doutora em Ciencias Econômicas pela Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha (Espanha, 1998). Atualmente é Professora Associada II no Departamento de Economia da Universidade Federal Fluminense participando dos cursos de Graduação e Pós-Graduação. Trabalha nas áreas de Economia Industrial e Economia da Inovação e da Mudança Tecnológica, atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas: Internacionalização tecnológica, especialização tecnolôgica nacional e seus vínculos com a especialização produtiva, comercial e crescimento económico; padrões nacionais de inovação e competências tecnológicas nacionais e da firma. Foi editora-responsável da Revista ECONÔMICA/PPGE-UFF desde Março de 2008 até dezembro de 2009. É Coordenadora do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia (PPGE-UFF) desde fevereiro de 2011.

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Publicado

2015-09-10

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RUIZ, A. U. Motivações do P&D transnacional em Brasil e efeitos locais de absorção de conhecimento. Revista Brasileira de Inovação, Campinas, SP, v. 14, n. 2, p. 419–442, 2015. DOI: 10.20396/rbi.v14i2.8649114. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/rbi/article/view/8649114. Acesso em: 6 dez. 2022.

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