O semanticocentrismo de Ronald Langacker

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/cel.v63i00.8656901

Palavras-chave:

Semanticocentrismo de Ronald Langacker, Sintaticocentrismo de Noam Chomsky, Arquitetura paralela de Ray Jackendoff

Resumo

Para Ray Jackendoff, os modelos linguísticos desenvolvidos por Noam Chomsky distorcem a natureza da linguagem devido a seu “sintaticocentrismo”. Por esse termo, Jackendoff entende a premissa adotada por Chomsky desde o modelo padrão da gramática gerativa (Aspectos da teoria da sintaxe) até o Programa Minimalista de que o componente sintático é proeminente em relação aos componentes fonológico e semântico, que seriam tão somente interpretativos. O próprio Jackendoff, no entanto, também observa que desde ao menos os anos 1970 muitos pesquisadores cometeram o erro oposto ao de Chomsky por negar à sintaxe um papel gramatical relevante. Considerando-se esse quadro, analisa-se neste artigo a gramática cognitiva de Ronald Langacker, na qual a sintaxe é substituída pela semântica como componente linguístico central. O objetivo é mostrar como Langacker contrapôs o sintaticocentrismo chomskiano com uma espécie de “semanticocentrismo”. Ao fazê-lo, conforme se detalha neste trabalho, acabou por também deturpar gravemente a constituição da linguagem.

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Biografia do Autor

Gustavo Augusto Fonseca Silva, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Doutor em Linguística Teórica e Descritiva pela Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG).

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Publicado

2021-02-12

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SILVA, G. A. F. O semanticocentrismo de Ronald Langacker. Cadernos de Estudos Linguísticos, Campinas, SP, v. 63, n. 00, p. e021002, 2021. DOI: 10.20396/cel.v63i00.8656901. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/cel/article/view/8656901. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2021.