Do aspecto à evidencialidade

repórteres e evidência direta não especificada no Rarámuri de Norogachi (Tarahumara; Yutoazteca)

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/liames.v21i00.8665275

Palavras-chave:

Aspeto, Evidencialidade, Evidencial (in)direta, Tarahumara, Yutoazteca

Resumo

A codificação da evidencialidade é uma área pouco estudada nas línguas da família Yuto-Asteca, apesar de ser possível encontrar vestígios desta categoria na maioria dos membros desta família (Thornes 2018). O Norogachi rarámuri tem pelo menos três marcadores diferentes de evidencialidade: reportada, auditiva e inferencial. Nem todas as línguas têm uma categoria gramatical de evidencialidade e, em muitas que a têm, é comum que esses marcadores estejam intimamente relacionados a outras categorias, como aspecto, tempo ou modalidade (Aikhenvald 2018; Forker 2018; Hengeveld 2011). Este trabalho enfoca a codificação da evidencialidade reportada, que distingue dois graus de distância em relação ao falante: informação de segunda mão reportada com o morfema -ru, e informação de terceira mão com -la ruwá, esta última relacionada ao aspecto anterior. Levando em conta a correlação entre aspecto e evidencialidade, proponho um quarto membro da categoria evidencial no Norogachi rarámuri, o marcador evidencial direto não especificado -li, que tem uma relação histórica com o aspecto perfectivo. Este trabalho se concentra em descrever os marcadores em sua função aspectual e como estes deram origem às funções evidenciais.

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Biografia do Autor

Jesús Villalpando-Quiñonez, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Investigador posdoctoral en el Seminario de Lenguas Indígenas y el Instituto de Investigaciones Filológicas, UNAM. Su trabajo se centra en la interrelación de las categorías tiempo, aspecto, modo y evidencialidad en lenguas yutoaztecas, con especial énfasis en el rarámuri, también conocida como tarahumara.

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Publicado

2021-07-14

Como Citar

Villalpando-Quiñonez, J. (2021). Do aspecto à evidencialidade: repórteres e evidência direta não especificada no Rarámuri de Norogachi (Tarahumara; Yutoazteca). LIAMES: Línguas Indígenas Americanas, 21(00), e021009. https://doi.org/10.20396/liames.v21i00.8665275