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Desempenho térmico de fachadas ventiladas opacas
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Desempenho térmico
Fachada ventilada opaca
Revisão sistemática de literatura

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GOULART, Mariana Fortes; LABAKI, Lucila Chebel. Desempenho térmico de fachadas ventiladas opacas: uma revisão sistemática. PARC Pesquisa em Arquitetura e Construção, Campinas, SP, v. 13, n. 00, p. e022026, 2022. DOI: 10.20396/parc.v13i00.8667308. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/parc/article/view/8667308. Acesso em: 16 abr. 2024.

Resumo

As fachadas ventiladas têm sido apontadas como uma solução viável para melhoria do desempenho térmico de edifícios, beneficiando, assim, sua eficiência energética. Dentre os diversos tipos desse sistema, a literatura aponta uma escassez de estudos acerca das fachadas ventiladas opacas. Assim, este trabalho tem como objetivo reunir pesquisas sobre o desempenho térmico de fachadas ventiladas opacas por meio da Revisão Sistemática da Literatura (RSL), considerando o local onde as pesquisas foram feitas, o método utilizado e os principais parâmetros que influenciam no desempenho térmico dessas fachadas. A RSL se mostrou eficiente em traçar o panorama desejado, indicando que este modelo de fachada consiste em uma tecnologia explorada apenas recentemente no meio acadêmico, com pesquisas concentradas no continente europeu, principalmente na Espanha, Itália e Portugal, evidenciando o clima mediterrâneo como foco das pesquisas. A maior parte das pesquisas foi realizada com simulações computacionais, seguidos pelos métodos experimentais, que validaram os modelos matemáticos dos programas de simulação. Com a RSL, identificaram-se as condições externas e os aspectos da geometria que mais influenciam no desempenho térmico dessas fachadas. Dentre as condições do meio externo, a radiação solar e as estações do ano foram os parâmetros mais abordados nas pesquisas. Em relação à geometria da fachada, as aberturas na fachada ventilada (presença ou ausência de juntas e grelhas), a altura da cavidade e o material que compõe a camada externa foram as variáveis mais estudadas.

https://doi.org/10.20396/parc.v13i00.8667308
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Referências

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