O raciocínio geológico: a geologia como uma ciência interpretativa e histórica

  • Robert Frodeman Universidade do Colorado
Palavras-chave: Geologia. Filosofia da ciência. Raciocínio geológico. Ciência histórica. Ciência interpretativa.

Resumo

O padrão pelo qual se avalia o processo de raciocínio da geologia entende que lhe falta uma metodologia própria e distintiva. Pelo contrário, a geologia é descrita como ciência derivada, baseada em técnicas lógicas, tal como exemplificado pela física. Defendo que esta avaliação é insuficiente e distorce nossa compreensão tanto da geologia como do processo científico em geral. Longe de simplesmente assumir e aplicar as técnicas lógicas da física, o raciocínio geológico desenvolveu seu próprio conjunto distinto de procedimentos lógicos. Eu começo com uma revisão da filosofia da ciência contemporânea no que se refere à geologia. Passo, então, a discutir as duas características distintivas do raciocínio geológico, que são sua natureza: (1) de ciência interpretativa e (2) de ciência histórica. Concluo que o raciocínio geológico nos oferece o melhor modelo do tipo de raciocínio necessário para enfrentar os tipos de problemas que deverão emergir no século 21

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Biografia do Autor

Robert Frodeman, Universidade do Colorado
Departamento de Ciências Geológicas e Departamento de Filosofia — Universidade do Colorado, Boulder, Colorado

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Publicado
2015-06-30
Como Citar
Frodeman, R. (2015). O raciocínio geológico: a geologia como uma ciência interpretativa e histórica. Terrae Didatica, 6(2), 85-99. https://doi.org/10.20396/td.v6i2.8637460
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