O raciocínio geológico: a geologia como uma ciência interpretativa e histórica


  • Robert Frodeman Universidade do Colorado




Geologia. Filosofia da ciência. Raciocínio geológico. Ciência histórica. Ciência interpretativa.


O padrão pelo qual se avalia o processo de raciocínio da geologia entende que lhe falta uma metodologia própria e distintiva. Pelo contrário, a geologia é descrita como ciência derivada, baseada em técnicas lógicas, tal como exemplificado pela física. Defendo que esta avaliação é insuficiente e distorce nossa compreensão tanto da geologia como do processo científico em geral. Longe de simplesmente assumir e aplicar as técnicas lógicas da física, o raciocínio geológico desenvolveu seu próprio conjunto distinto de procedimentos lógicos. Eu começo com uma revisão da filosofia da ciência contemporânea no que se refere à geologia. Passo, então, a discutir as duas características distintivas do raciocínio geológico, que são sua natureza: (1) de ciência interpretativa e (2) de ciência histórica. Concluo que o raciocínio geológico nos oferece o melhor modelo do tipo de raciocínio necessário para enfrentar os tipos de problemas que deverão emergir no século 21


Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Robert Frodeman, Universidade do Colorado

Departamento de Ciências Geológicas e Departamento de Filosofia — Universidade do Colorado, Boulder, Colorado


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Como Citar

FRODEMAN, R. O raciocínio geológico: a geologia como uma ciência interpretativa e histórica. Terræ Didatica, Campinas, SP, v. 6, n. 2, p. 85–99, 2015. DOI: 10.20396/td.v6i2.8637460. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/td/article/view/8637460. Acesso em: 1 dez. 2022.