Agulhas e pincéis: as relações entre a paleontologia e a neontologia no estudo dos ostracodes (Crustacea: Ostracoda)

Autores

  • Cristianini Trescastro Bergue Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/td.v6i1.8637479

Palavras-chave:

Ostracodes. Micropaleontologia. História da ciência.

Resumo

O estudo dos ostracodes se desenvolveu sob diferentes influências, sendo possível identificar em sua história tendências orientadas pelas tecnologias de amostragem, a necessidade de conhecimentos aplicáveis à indústria do petróleo e pelo aprimoramento da microscopia óptica e eletrônica. O início da ostracodologia pode ser situado na segunda metade do século XVIII com o estudo de faunas continentais por zoólogos europeus. A pesquisa paleontológica iniciou-se quando as primeiras espécies fósseis foram descritas no início do século XIX. O aprimoramento do conhecimento paleontológico revelou a potencialidade paleoambiental e bioestratigráfica da ostracodologia, tornando-a um importante ramo da pesquisa micropaleontológica. A partir de então, um número crescente de pesquisadores passou a dedicar-se ao estudo destes crustáceos em diversas instituições do mundo, tanto em âmbito acadêmico quanto aplicado à indústria do petróleo. Atualmente, há uma tendência de recrudescimento da pesquisa em ostracodes recentes sob os mais diferentes enfoques. Os novos conhecimentos paleontológicos e neontológicos fornecidos por ela permitirão conhecer melhor a história evolutiva dos ostracodes e de outros artrópodes.

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Biografia do Autor

Cristianini Trescastro Bergue, Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos

Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos, Laboratório de Micropaleontologia, Avenida Unisinos, São Leopoldo-RS.

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Publicado

2015-06-30

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BERGUE, C. T. Agulhas e pincéis: as relações entre a paleontologia e a neontologia no estudo dos ostracodes (Crustacea: Ostracoda). Terrae Didatica, Campinas, SP, v. 6, n. 1, p. 9–24, 2015. DOI: 10.20396/td.v6i1.8637479. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/td/article/view/8637479. Acesso em: 2 out. 2022.

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