Orogenias: das margens continentais ao interior remoto das placas, uma revisão no tema

  • Benjamim Bley de Brito Neves Universidade de São Paulo
Palavras-chave: Orogenia. Tectônica formadora. Tectônica deformadora, sistemas de dobramentos. Deformação intracontinental

Resumo

Esta síntese do conceito de orogenias abrange desde a Tectônica de Placas dos anos 1970, adendos e modelos "alternativos", que buscam explicar orogenias distantes das zonas de interação de placas. A análise crítica dos modelos originais resultou em adendos que incluem domínios proterozoicos e paleozoicos e observações sobre reologia e história termo-tectônica da litosfera. Os modelos alternativos explicam a orogênese por subdução local de litosfera continental, sem envolver litosfera oceânica. Nos anos 1990, houve notável avanço no estudo das causas da subsidência (tectônica formadora de bacias) e estudos que contestam a rigidez das placas e propõem modelos de enfraquecimento devido à ação termal. Orogenias intracontinentais, entendidas como caso extremo da inversão de bacias, ocorrem em praticamente todos os continentes. Esforços gerados em zonas de interação de placas podem ser transmitidas continente adentro por milhares de quilômetros e gerar tectônica deformadora longe de suturas. Embora esteja ainda em estágio de fluxo, o conceito de orogenias intracontinentais ("telessuturais") vem se consolidando, embora não tenha sido incorporado a livros-texto. O histórico e o reexame do tema possibilitam classificar os orógenos segundo três variáveis principais: posição em relação às zonas de sutura, organização geométrico-geológica (em planta) e nível de exumação.

Biografia do Autor

Benjamim Bley de Brito Neves, Universidade de São Paulo
Possui graduação em Curso de Geologia da Cage pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco(1962), especialização em Groundwater Development Course pela Faculty Of Public Health University Of Minnesota(1965), doutorado em Paleontologia e Estratigrafia pela Universidade de São Paulo(1975), pós-doutorado pela Technological Institute Stockolm(1977), pós-doutorado pela Universidade de São Paulo(1984) e pós-doutorado pela Universidade de São Paulo(1984). Atualmente é professor titular da Universidade de São Paulo. Tem experiência na área de Geociências, com ênfase em Geologia. Atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas:Lineamentos, Macicos, Sistemas de Dobramentos

Referências

Aitken A.R.A., Raimondo T., Capitanio F.A. 2013. The intraplate character of supercontinents tectonics. Gondwana Res., 24(3-4):807-815.

Allen P.A., Allen J.R. 2005. Basin Analysis Principles and Applications. 2 ed. Malden-MA: Blackwell Publ. 549p.

Allen P.A., Armitage J.J. 1912. Cratonic Basins. In: Busby, C. , Azoz, A. eds. Tectonics of Sedimentary Basins: Recent Advances, part V, Chapter 30. New York, Wiley-Blackwell.p.602-620 Bally A.W. 1980. Basins and subsidence: a summary. In: Bally A.W., Bender P.L., McGetchin T.R., Walcott R.I. eds. 1980. Dynamics of Plate Interiors. Washington, Am. Geophys. Union, p. 5-20 (Geodynamics Series, 1).

Bally A.W. 1981. Thoughts on the tectonics of folded belts. In: McClay K.R., Price N.J. eds. 1981. Thrust and nappe tectonics. Oxford: Blackwell. p. 13-22.

Bally A.W. Snelson S. 1980. Realms of subsidence. In: Miall A.D. ed., 1980. Facts and principles of world petroleum occurrence. Calgary: Can. Soc. Petrol. Geologists. p. 1-94 (Memoir 6).

Beaumont C., Jamieson R. 2010. Hymalayan-Tibetan Orogeny: Channel flow versus (Critical) Wedge Models, a False Dichotomy? Extended Abstracts, 25th Himalaya-Karakoram-Tibet Worshop, San Francisco, California. June 2010 (circ. restrita).

Bergerat F. 1987. Stress fields in the European Platform and the time of Africa-Eurasia collision. Tectonics, 6(2):99-132.

Bertotti G., Lamote D.F., Teixell A., Charroud M. 2009. The geology of the vertical movements of the lithosphere: an overview. Tectonophysics, 475(1):1-8.

Bird P. 1978. Initiation of intracontinental subduction in the Himalaya. J. Geophys. Res., 83(B-10):4975-4987.

Bott M.H.P., Kusznir N.J. 1984. The origin of tectonic stress in the lithosphere. Tectonophysics 105:1-13.

Brigdwater D., Sutton J., Waterson J. 1974. Crustal downfolding associated with igneous activity. Tectonophysics, 21:57-72.

Brito Neves B.B.de, Fuck R.A., Cordani U.G. Thomaz Filho A. 1984. Influence of basement structures on the evolution of major sedimentry basins of Brazil; a case of tectonic heritage. J. Geod., 1(3/5):495-510.

Brito Neves B.B.de. 1985. Teorias e Modelos em Geotectônica. Introdução ao Problema. Bol. IG-USP, Sér. Didát., 1:73.

Brito Neves B.B.de. 1995. Crátons e Faixas Móveis. Bol. IG-USP, Sér. Didát., 7:187.

Burov E.B., Lobkovsky L.I., Cloetingh S., Nikishin A.M. 1993. Continental lithosphere folding in Central Asia (Part II): constraints from gravity and topography. Tectonophysics, 226:73-87.

Busby C., Azor A.A. 2012. Tectonics of Sedimentary Basins: Recent Advances. New York: Wiley. 664p.

Busby C.J., Ingersoll R.V. 1995. Tectonics of Sedimentary Basins. Cambridge: Blackwell Sci. 579p.

Caputo M.V. 2014. Juruá Orogeny: Brazilian and Andean Countries. Brazil. J. Geol., 44(2):181-190.

Carneiro C.D.R., Brito Neves B.B., Amaral I.A., Bistrichi C.A. 1994. O Atualismo como princípio metodológico em Tectônica. B. Geoc. Petrobrás, 8:275-293.

Cawood P.A., Hawkesworth C.J., Dhuime B. 2013. The continental record of the generation of continental crust. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 125:14-32.

Clifford T.N. 1970. The structural framework of Africa. In: Clifford T.N., Gass I.G. eds. 1970. African magmatism and tectonics. Danen: Conn. Hafner. p. 1-26.

Cloetingh S., Burov E. 2011. Lithosphere folding and sedimentary basin evolution: a review and analysis of formation mechanisms. Basin Research, 23:257- 290 Cloetingh S., D´Argentio D., Catalano R.H., Horvath F., Sassi W. 1995. Interplay of extension and compression in basin formation. Tectonophysics, 252(1-4):1-5.

Cloetingh S., Sassi W., Horváth F. 1993. The origin of the sedimentary basins: state of the art and first results of the Task Force. Tectonophysics, 226:vii-x.

Coffin M.L. 1995. Large igneous provinces. Inst. Geophysics, the University of Texas, at Austin, USA.

Excerto na Internet (Trab. não publ.). URL: http:// www. largeigneousprovinces.org.

Condie K.C. 1982. Early and Middle Proterozoic supracrustal sucession and their tectonic settings. Am. J. Sci., 282(3):341-357.

Condie K.C. 1997. Plate Tectonics and crustal evolution, 4rd. ed. Oxford, Pergamon Press, 282 p.

Condie K.C. 2007. Accretionary orogens in space and time. In: Hatcher Jr., R., Carlson M., McBride J.H., Catalan J.M.R. 2007. 4-D Framework of Continental Crust, Boulder, The Geological Society of America Memoir 200, p.145-157.

Condie K.C. 2011. Earth as an Evolving Planetary System.2nd. ed. Amsterdam, Elsevier,574p.

Coney P.J. 1973. Plate Tectonics of Marginal Foreland Thrust-Fold Belts. Geology 1 (3):131-134.

Cooper M.A., Williams G.D. eds. 1989. Inversion Tectonics. London, Geol. Soc./Blackwell. 360p. (Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., n. 44).

Cordani U.G. 1978. Comentários filosóficos sobre a evolu- ção geológica pré-cambriana. Publ. Esp. SBG, Núcleo Bahia, n. 3, p. 33-41. (Anais da Reunião Preparatória para o “Simpósio sobre o Cráton do São Francisco e suas Faixas Marginais”, Circ. Restrita).

Cordani U.G., Brito Neves, B.B., Thomaz Filho, A. 2009. Estudo Preliminar de integração do Pré- -Cambriano com os eventos tectônicos das bacias sedimentares brasileiras (Atualização). B. Geoc. Petrobrás, 17(1):205-219.

Cordani U.G., Fraga, L.M., Reis, N., Tassinari, C.C.G., Brito Neves, B.B. 2010. On the origin and tectonic significance of the intra-plate events of Grenvillian- -type age in South America: a discussion. J. South Am. Earth Sci., 29:143-159.

Coward M.P. Dewey, J.F., Hancock, P.L. 1987. Continental Extensional Tectonics. Oxford, Blackwell Scientific Publications (Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ.,, 28), 620p.

Coward M.P., Ries, A.C. eds. 1986. Collision Tectonics. Oxford, Blackwell, 415 p. (Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., 19).

Dewey J. F. 1988. Extensional collapse of orogens. Tectonics, 7(6):1123-1139.

Dewey J.F., Bird J.M. 1970. Mountain belts and the new global tectonics. J. Geophys. Res., 75 (14):2625-2647.

Dewey J.F., Burke K.A. 1973. Tibetan, Variscan, and Precambrian basement reactivation: products of continental collision. J. Geol., 81:683-692.

England P. 1982. Some Numerical Investigations of Large Scale Continental Deformation. In: Hsü, K. (ed.) Mountain building processes, New York, Acad. Press. p. 129-139.

Ensele G. 2000. Sedimentary Basins. Evolution, Facies, and Sediment Budget. Tubingen: Springer-Verlag, Etheridge M.A., Rutland R.W.R., Wyborn L.A.I. 1987.

Orogenesis and tectonic process in the early to middle proterozoic of Northern Australia. In: Kröner A. ed. 1987. Proterozoic Lithospheric Evoluton. Boulder: Am. Geophys. Union. p. 131-147.

Etheridge M.A., Wyborn L.A., Rutland R.W.R., Page R.N., Blake D.H., Drummond B.J. 1984. The BMR model. A discussion paper. In: Workshop on Early to Middle Proterozoic of Northern Australia. 8p. Div. Petrology and Geochemistry (Circ. Restr.).

Gorczyk W., Hobbs B., Gessner K., Gerya T. 2013. Intracratonic geodynamics. Gondwana Res., 24:838- 848.

Gorczyk W., Hobbs B., Gerya T. 2012. Initiation of Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities in intra-cratonic settings. Tectonophysics, 514-517:146-155.

Gordon R.G. 1998. The Plate Tectonic Approximation: Plate non rigidity, diffuse Plate boundaries, and global Plate Reconstructions. Annual Review Earth Planetary Science Letters, 26:615-642.

Hancock P.L, Bevan T.G. 1987. Brittle modes of foreland extension. In: Coward M.P. Dewey J.F., Hancock P.L. 1987. Continental Extensional Tectonics. Oxford: Blackwell Sci. Publ. (Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., 28), p. 127-138.

Hancock P.L. 1994. Continental Deformation. Oxford: Pergamon Press. 421p.

Hand M., Sandiford M. 1999. Intraplate deformation in Central Australia, the link between subsidence and fault reactivation. Tectonophysics, 305:121-140.

Hand M., Collins W.J. 2014. Compressional intracontinental orogens: Ancient and modern perspectives. Earth-Science Reviews 130 (2014):128-153.

Hartley R.W., Allen P.A. 2007. Interior cratonic basins of Africa- relation to continental break up and role of the mantle convection. Basin Research, 6:95-113.

Hatcher Jr. H.D., Williams H. 1986. Mechanical model for single thrust sheets and their relationships to the mechanical behavior of orogenic belts. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 97(8):975-985.

Helwig J. 1974. Eugeosynclinal basement and a collage concept of orogenic belts. In: Dott Jr, RH.& Shaver, R.H. eds. 1974. Modern and ancient geosynclinals sedimentation. Tulsa: Soc. Econ. Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Spec. Publ., 19:359-376.

Howell D.G. 1995. Principles of Terrane Analysis: new applications for global tectonics. 2nd ed. London: Chapman & Hall. 122p.

Hsü K.J. ed. 1982. Mountain Building Processes. London, Academic Press, 263 p.

Illies J.H. 1973. Intraplate tectonics in stable Europe as related to plate tectonics in the Alpine system. Geologische Rundschau Bd. 64:677-699.

Illies J.H. 1975. Recent and paleo-intraplate tectonics in stable Europe and the Rhinegraben rift system.

Tectonophysics 29:251-264.

Illies J.H. 1981. Stress pattern and strain release in the Alpine foreland. Tectonophysics 71:157-172.

Ingersoll R.V. 2012. Tectonics of Sedimentary Basins with, revised nomenclature. In: Busby, C. and Azor, A.A. Tectonics of Sedimentary Basins: Recent Advances. Oxford, Blackwell Publish. Ltda, p. 3-43.

Kearey P., Klepeis K.A., Vine F.J. 2009. Global Tectonics. 3rd ed. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. 481p.

Kennett, B.I.N., Iaffaldano G. 2013. Role of lithosphere in intracontinental deformation: Central Australia. Gondwana Res., 24 (3-4):958-968.

Khain V.E. 1960. Main types of tectonic structures, their principal features and probale origin. International Geological Congress 21, Copenhague, , part 18, p. 215-226.

Khain V.Y., Sheynmann M.V. 1962. Hundredth anniversary of the geosynclinal theory. Intern. Geol. Rev., 4(2):166-198.

Kingston D.R., Dishroom C.P., Williams P.A. 1983. Global basin classification system. AAPG Bull., 67(2):2175-2193.

Klein G.V. 1991. Geodynamic and Geochemical Aspects of Sedimentary basin Classification. J. African Earth Sci., 13(1):1-11.

Klein G.V., Hsü A.T. 1987. Origin of cratonic basins. Geology 15 :1094-1098.

Klein G. V. 1987. Current aspects of basin analysis. Sedim.

Geol., 50:95-118 Kohn M.J. 2008. P-T-t data from central Nepal support critical taper and repudiate large-scale channel flow of the Greater Himalayan Sequence. GSA Bull., 120 (3/4):259-273.

Kröner A. 1981. Precambrian Plate Tectonics. Amsterdam: Elsevier. 804p.

Kröner A. 1987 (ed.) Proterozoic lithospheric evolution. Boulder, Am. Geophys. Union. 273p. (Geodynamics Series, 17).

Law R.D., Searle M.P., Godin L. eds. 2006. Channel flow, Ductile Extrusion and Exhumation in Continental Collision Zones. Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., 268:620.

Lowell J.D. 1974. Plate Tectonics and Foreland Basement Deformation. Geology, 2(6):274-278.

Marshak S., Karlstrom K., Timmons J.M. 2000. Inversion of Proterozoic extensional faults. An explanation for the pattern of Laramide and Ancestral Rockies intracratonic deformation, United States. Geology 28:735-738.

Marshak S., van Der Pluijm B.A., Hamburger M. 1999. Tectonics of continental interiors. Tectonophysics, 305:1-3.

Martin H., Eder F.W.1983. Intracontinental fold belts. Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 945p.

Martin H., Porada H. 1977. The Intracratonic bran- ch of the Damara Orogen in South West Africa.

Discussion of relationships with the Pan-African mobile belt system. Precambrian Res., 5(4):311-338.

Martin H. 1983a. Overview of Geosynclinal, Structural and Metamorphic Development of the Intracontinental Branch of the Damara Orogen. In: Martin H., Eder F.W. eds. 1983. Intracontinental Fold Belts. Berlin: Springer Verlag. p. 473-502.

Martin H. 1983b. Geodynamic model for the Geosynclinal Development of the Damara Orogen, Namibia/South West Africa. In: Maerin H., Eder F.W. eds. 1983. Intracontinental Fold Belts. Berlin: Springer Verlag. p. 503-542.

McKenzie D.P. 1978. Some remarks on the development of sedimentary basins. Earth Planet. Sci. Letters, 40(1):29-32.

Mercier J.L. 1984. La deformation des continents au voisinage des marges convergentes. Bull. Soc. Geol. France, 7(3):551-566.

Mitchell A.H., Reading, H. G. 1969. Continental margins, geosynclines and ocean floor spreading. J. Geol., 77:629-646.

Molnar P., Gray D. 1979. Subduction of the continental lithosphere: some constraints and uncertainties. Geology, 2:58-62.

Molnar P., Tapponnier P. 1975. Cenozoic Tectonics of Asia: effects of a Continental Collision. Science, 189(4201):419-426.

Molnar P., Tapponnier P. 1978. Active Tectonics of Tibet. J. Geophys. Res., 83(B11):5361-5366.

Molnar P., Tapponnier P. 1979. Active faulting and Cenozoic tectonics of the Tien Shan, Mongolia and Baykal regions. J. Geophys. Res., 84(87):1425-1440.

Molnar P., Houseman G.A. 2013. Rayleigh-Taylor instability, lithospheric dynamics, surface topography at convergent mountain belts. J. Geophysical Res., 118: 2544-2557.

Moores E.M., Twiss R.J. 1995. Tectonics. New York: Freeman & Co. 415p.

Naumann C.E. 1866 2nd ed. Lehhrbuch der Geognosic. Leipzig, 2nd ed. Bd. 3. Verlag von Engelmann. 192p.

Neil E.A., Houseman G.A. 1999. Rayleigh-Taylor instability of upper mantle and its role in intraplate orogeny. Geophys. J. Intern., 136:89-107.

Neves S.P., Tommasi, A., Vauchez, A., Hassani, R. 2008.

Intraplate continental deformation: Influence of heat-producing layer in the lithospheric mantle. Earth Planet. Sci. Letters, 224:302-400.

Nikishin A.M., Cloetingh, S., Lobkovsky, L.I., Burov, E.B., Lankreijer, A.C. 1993. Continental lithosphere folding in Central Asia (Part I): constraints from geological observations. Tectonophysics, 226:59-72.

Nikishin A.M., Ziegler P.A., Stephenson R.A., Cloetingh S., Furne A.V., Fokin P.A., Ershov A.V., Bolotov S.N., Korotaev M.V., Alekseev A.S., Gorbachev V.I., Shipilov E.V., Lankreijer A., Bembinova E.Yu., Shalimova I.V. 1996. Late Precambrian. to Triassic his tory of the East European Craton: dynamics of sedimentary basin evolution. Tectonophysics, 268:23-63.

Oxburgh E.R. 1972. Flake Tectonics and continents collision. Nature, 239(5369):202-204. Pluijm B.A.V.D., Marshak S. 2004. Earth Structure, 2nd. Edition, New York: Norton & Co. 656p.

Porada H. 1983. Geodynamic Model for the Geosynclinal Development of the Damara Orogen, Namibia/ Southwest Africa. In: Martin H., Eder F.W. 1983. Intracontinental fold belts. Berlin, Springer-Verlag. p. 504-542.

Raimondo T., Collins A., Hand M., Walker-Hallam A., Smithies R.H., Evins P.M., Howard H.M. 2009. The anatomy of a deep continental orogen. Tectonics, 29(TC4024):1-31

Sandiford M. 1999. Mechanics of basin inversion. Tectonophysics 305:109-120.

Sandiford M., Hand M. 1998. Controls on the locus of intraplate deformation in Central Australia. Earth Planet. Sci. Letters, 162:97-110.

Scotese C.R. 2012. Plate Tectonics: rules of the Thumbs. PaleoMAP project. URL: http://www.scotese.com/ Sengör A.M.C. 1990. Plate Tectonics and orogenic research after 25 years: a Tethyan perspective. Earth Science Reviews, 27(1-2):1-201.

Sengör A.M.C. 1999. Continental interior and cratons: any relation? Tectonophysics, 305:1-42.

Shaw R.D., Etheridge M.A., Lambeck K. 1991. Development of the late Proterozoic to Mid-Paleozoic, intrcratonic Amadeus Basin in Central Australia: a key to understanding tectonic forces in plate interiors. Tectonics, 10(4):688-721.

Stein M., Hofmann A.W. 1994. Mantle plumes and episodic crustal growth. Nature, 372: 63-68.

Stephenson R.A., Cloetingh S. 1991. Some examples and mechanical aspects of continental lithospher folding. Tectonophysics, 188:27-37.

Stille H. 1955. Recent observations of the earth´s crust in the light of those earlier epochs. In : Poldevarat Crust of the Earth. New York: Geol. Soc. Am. Spec Paper, 62:171-192.

Tapponnier P., Molnar P. 1979. Active Faulting and Cenozoic Tectonics of the Tien Mongolia and Baykal regions. J. Geophys. Res., 84 (B7):3425-3459.

Vauchez A., Nicolas A. 1991. Mountain building: strike parallel motion and mantle anisotropy. Tectonophysics, 185(3-4):183-201.

Villote J.P., Meloshi J., Sassi W., Ranalli G. 1993. Lithosphere rheology and sedimentary basins. Tectonophysics 226:89-95.

Webb A.A., Schmitt A.K. , He D., Weigand E.L. 2011.

Structural and geochronological evidence for the leading edge of the Great Himalayan Crystalline complex in the central Nepal Himalaya. Earth Planet. Sci. Letters, 304:483-495.

Wilson J.T. 1966. Did the Atlantic close and then reopen? Nature, 211:676-681.

Woodcock N.H. 1986. The role of strike slip fault at plate boundaries. Philos. Trans. Royal Soc. London A317:13-29 .

Ziegler P.A. 1975. Intraplate tectonics in stable Europe as related to plate tectonics in the alpine system. Geologische Rundschau, 42:677-699.

Ziegler P.A. 1987. Compressional intra-plate deformation in the Alpine foreland: an introduction. Tectonophysics, 137(1-4):1-5.

Ziegler P.A. 1989. Geodynamic model for the alpine intra-plate compressional deformation in Western and Central Europe. In: Cooper M.A., Williams G.D. eds. 1989. Inversion Tectonics. London, Geol. Society/Blackwell, p. 63-85. (Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., n. 44).

Ziegler P.A., Cloetingh S., Van Wees J.D. 1995. Dynamics of intra-plate deformation: the Alpine foreland and others examples. Tectonophysics, 252:7-59.

Zoback M.D.,Stephenson R.A., Cloetingh S., Larsen B.T., Van Hoorn B., Robinson A., Horvath F., Puigdefabtegas C., Ben-Avraham Z. 1993. Stresses in the lithosphere and sedimentary basin formation. Tectonophysics, 226:1-13.

Publicado
2016-05-19
Como Citar
Neves, B. B. de B. (2016). Orogenias: das margens continentais ao interior remoto das placas, uma revisão no tema. Terrae Didatica, 12(1), 19-55. https://doi.org/10.20396/td.v12i1.8645964
Seção
Artigos