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Análise de proveniência por composição detrítica e sua importância na exploração de hidrocarbonetos
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Palavras-chave

Área fonte
Assinatura de proveniência
Diagênese
Qualidade de reservatório

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CASTRO, Andreas Pauli de; GUEDES, Carlos Conforti Ferreira. Análise de proveniência por composição detrítica e sua importância na exploração de hidrocarbonetos. Terrae Didatica, Campinas, SP, v. 19, n. 00, p. e023005, 2023. DOI: 10.20396/td.v19i00.8671519. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/td/article/view/8671519. Acesso em: 13 jul. 2024.

Resumo

Introdução. A análise de proveniência sedimentar abrange a restauração dos elos existentes entre a rocha sedimentar e suas respectivas áreas fonte de sedimento. Objetivo e Metodologia. A unidade fundamental é a composição sedimentar detrítica. Entretanto, a composição detrítica não é reflexo unicamente da composição das rochas das áreas fontes, mas também da sobreposição de diversos agentes e processos, interdependentes, modificadores da assinatura de proveniências, atuantes desde a formação e o intemperismo da rocha fonte até processos diagenéticos durante o soterramento. Resultados. Por critérios didáticos, estes fatores e agentes podem ser sumariados em: tectônica e reciclagem sedimentar, natureza e composição das áreas-fonte, clima, relevo, transporte sedimentar e diagênese. Conclusão. Não se deve pressupor que a composição detrítica reflita, unicamente, composição da rocha fonte, mas ela é o produto desse conjunto complexo de fatores interdependentes. A análise de proveniência constitui uma ferramenta muito útil na exploração de hidrocarbonetos, principalmente em termos de caracterização preditiva das qualidades petrofísicas de reservatórios.

https://doi.org/10.20396/td.v19i00.8671519
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