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A crença no Dilúvio: campo e teoria na evolução da paisagem antes da geomorfologia
Delicadas estruturas coloridas, construídas por líquens e musgos na superfície de quartzitos proterozoicos da região de Diamantina, MG. (Foto: C. D. R. Carneiro).


História da geomorfologia. Dilúvio. Campo. Teoria.

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MONTGOMERY, D. A crença no Dilúvio: campo e teoria na evolução da paisagem antes da geomorfologia. Terrae Didatica, Campinas, SP, v. 13, n. 1, p. 43–61, 2017. DOI: 10.20396/td.v13i1.8648627. Disponível em: Acesso em: 2 jun. 2023.


As opiniões sobre a origem do relevo terrestre têm sido marcadas pela fronteira entre ciência e religião. A criação do mundo que conhecemos é central para as visões religiosas e seculares do mundo; e até recentemente o poder de moldar as paisagens foi além do alcance dos mortais, atraindo especulações como as relacionadas ao papel da intervenção divina. Por séculos, o pensamento racional cristão questionou-se sobre a origem da superfície terrestre levando em consideração o Dilúvio de Noé que deu origem a montanhas e vales. Somente quando os geólogos aprenderam como decifrar a história da Terra e os sinais dos processos que moldaram a topografia terrestre é que, de fato, os naturalistas alcançaram uma compreensão das forças que moldaram o mundo. Nesse sentido, as raízes históricas da geomorfologia encontram-se na tensão entre a fé nas teorias e o poder de persuasão das observações de campo – questões que permanecem importantes à prática geomorfológica hoje em dia.


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