Tectônica de placas, 50 anos

os adendos científicos e as teorias complementares

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/td.v16i0.8662073

Palavras-chave:

Orogenia, Litosfera, Delaminação, Colapso orogênico, Underplating, Grandes Províncias Ígneas (LIP)

Resumo

A Teoria da Tectônica de Placas completou 50 anos de uso intenso, consorciado e de gradual enriquecimento. Foi considerada uma revolução nas Ciências da Terra, pela meritória vinculação entre os processos orogênicos, a composição e a estrutura do interior da Terra, tudo com pleno respeito aos princípios das ciências geológicas e respaldo na Química e Física. A revolucionária teoria e suas aplicações bem sucedidas foram desde o início acompanhadas por contestações e sugestões valiosas, denominadas adendos científicos, que complementam ou suplementam o modelo. Muitos dos que hoje a criticam e/ou a relegam é porque não estão a estão a par do contingente notável de dados e fatos incorporados ao arcabouço original da teoria. Este artigo pretende resgatar e discutir os adendos, na tentativa de atualizar o conhecimento. Adicionalmente, discutiremos uma série de conceitos suplementares e teorias consorciadas, tanto por vínculo como por decorrência, gerados nos últimos cinco lustros.

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Biografia do Autor

Benjamim Bley de Brito-Neves, Universidade de São Paulo

Doutorado em Paleontologia e Estratigrafia pela Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Professor Sênior do Instituto de Geociências, Universidade de São Paulo, S. Paulo, SP, Brasil.

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Publicado

2020-12-18

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BRITO-NEVES, B. B. de. Tectônica de placas, 50 anos: os adendos científicos e as teorias complementares. Terrae Didatica, Campinas, SP, v. 16, p. e020044, 2020. DOI: 10.20396/td.v16i0.8662073. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/td/article/view/8662073. Acesso em: 31 jan. 2023.