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Conservação e gestão de recursos hídricos para o desenvolvimento sustentável em ecossistema montanhoso
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Palavras-chave

Gestão de Recursos Naturais
Segurança dos meios de subsistência
Comunidade Local
Sustentabilidade

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KUMAR, Arvind; PANDEY, Bindhy Wasini; PRASAD, Abhay Shankar; PATHAK, Usha; AWASTHI, Amit Kant. Conservação e gestão de recursos hídricos para o desenvolvimento sustentável em ecossistema montanhoso: um estudo de caso em Dewal Block, Uttarakhand, Índia. Terrae Didatica, Campinas, SP, v. 19, n. 00, p. e023029, 2023. DOI: 10.20396/td.v19i00.8673723. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/td/article/view/8673723. Acesso em: 16 abr. 2024.

Resumo

Introdução. As atividades humanas perturbam continuamente os sistemas naturais e afetam a forma como os rios se comportam nos ecossistemas montanhosos. Crescimento populacional, esgotamento de recursos, mudanças no consumo, expansão econômica e práticas agrícolas insustentáveis pressionam os recursos naturais e hídricos. Objetivo. Este artigo examina o impacto dos recursos hídricos nos recursos naturais e na subsistência da população local, utilizando técnicas científicas tradicionais e inovadoras adotadas pelos habitantes locais. Metodologia. A Avaliação Rural Participativa (ARP) envolveu investigação em diferentes aldeias para compreender as condições reais da gestão dos recursos naturais e as opções de subsistência das principais partes interessadas. Resultados. O Bloco Dewal, em Uttarakhand, Índia, possui recursos naturais abundantes que podem atender às necessidades diárias da população local. Embora a área receba chuvas suficientes, a água escoa para os sopés devido às encostas íngremes, à falta de vegetação e ao uso ineficiente da tecnologia moderna. As comunidades locais desenvolveram técnicas inovadoras, culturalmente aceitas, economicamente viáveis e altamente eficientes. Incluem o sistema chal-khal, tecnologia de poços, guls/kuls, dentre outros. Conclusão. As técnicas ajudam a melhorar o padrão de vida dos habitantes locais, envolvendo-os ativamente no processo de gestão dos recursos hídricos, o que facilita a restauração ecológica, o rejuvenescimento dos riachos e a geração de meios sustentáveis de subsistência.

https://doi.org/10.20396/td.v19i00.8673723
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Copyright (c) 2023 Arvind Kumar, Bindhy Wasini Pandey, Abhay Shankar Prasad, Usha Pathak, Amit Kant Awasthi

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