Tecnologias assistivas e pos-humanismo

sobre a inclusão/exclusão social dos ciborgues Low-Tech

Autores

Palavras-chave:

ciborgue low-tech, deficiência, inclusão social

Resumo

Este artigo discorre sobre as consequências de uma perspectiva pós-humanista para o problema de deficiência física, abordando o uso de tecnologias assistivas (TA) por pessoas com deficiência como a introdução de um ciborgue low-tech no mundo. Ao fazê-lo, destacamos exemplos de TAs de comunicação e fornecemos analogias entre TAs e línguas na constituição do Self e do contexto social. TAs são informadas ideologicamente, de modo que podem ser vistas tanto como uma maneira de “consertar” uma pessoa “incapacitada”, quanto como uma estratégia para superar um contexto físico e social que incapacita algumas pessoas e torna outras pessoas “capazes”. Argumentamos que tornar-se um ciborgue low-tech pode ser uma forma de inclusão social se entendermos que a deficiência é produzida pelo contexto, e não uma disfuncionalidade inerente ao indivíduo. Com base nesse pressuposto, identificamos duas estratégias de inclusão social do ciborgue low-tech: desincorporação do Self e virtualidade corporificada. Destacamos, no entanto, que ciborgues low-tech podem ser configurados por necessidade ou por escolha e acrescentamos que os mesmos fatores socioeconômicos que produzem desigualdade em geral são ativos na também na sua exclusão/inclusão social. Assim, TAs adotadas por escolha podem se transformar em uma maneira de ampliar o fosso entre ciborgues ricos e pobres, sendo que os dois tipos de ciborgues podem estar cada vez mais sujeitos à exploração cognitiva e afetiva no contexto do Capitalismo Cognitivo. Nós concluímos que uma perspectiva pós-humanista da deficiência não é sobre tornar inteiros “seres humanos com deficiência”, nem sobre tornar “humanos inteiros” mais do que humanos, mas sobre como manter o Self e o outro conectados eticamente, quer em condicoes de desincorporacao do Self, ou de virtualidade incorporada.
Palavras-chave: ciborgue low-tech; deficiência; inclusão social.

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Biografia do Autor

Elizabeth Kath, RMIT University

Professora Sênior na Escola de Estudos Globais, Urbanos e Sociais, Gerente de Programa do Bacharel em Artes (Estudos Internacionais) e Co-Diretora de Reconciliação Global.

Marcelo El Khouri Buzato, Universidade Estadual de Campinas

Prof. Livre docente no Instituto de Estudos da Linguagem da Universidade Estadual de Campinas

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Publicado

2019-08-02

Como Citar

KATH, E.; COELHO NETO, O.; BUZATO, M. E. K. . Tecnologias assistivas e pos-humanismo : sobre a inclusão/exclusão social dos ciborgues Low-Tech. Trabalhos em Linguística Aplicada, Campinas, SP, v. 58, n. 2, p. 679–703, 2019. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/tla/article/view/8655880. Acesso em: 17 jan. 2021.