Narrativas e identidades híbridas de imigrantes

análise de narrativas autobiográficas escritas por estudantes imigrantes na Grécia

Autores

Palavras-chave:

Narrativas autobiográficas, Identidades híbridas, Sstudantes imigrantes na Grécia

Resumo

Como um dos principais meios para a construção da identidade (ver DE FINA, 2015), a narrativa foi recentemente examinada em relação aos movimentos de imigrantes e refugiados. Tendo à nossa disposição narrativas autobiográficas eliciadas e escritas de estudantes imigrantes que vivem na Grécia, investigamos as identidades que aí constroem. Nossa amostra consiste em 118 ensaios coletados em 8 liceus diferentes situados em diferentes partes do Peloponeso, Grécia. Os alunos que escreveram as redações eram imigrantes bilíngues de várias origens (principalmente da Albânia).

O quadro teórico mais amplo de nosso estudo é o da Análise Crítica do Discurso. Uma das questões de pesquisa mais importantes dentro da Análise Crítica do Discurso diz respeito à investigação da relação entre o nível macro dos discursos dominantes e os posicionamentos do nível micro do indivíduo (no presente caso, narrativa) em relação aos discursos dominantes (ver VAN DIJK, 2008). Para a análise dos posicionamentos narrativos dos alunos imigrantes, utilizamos o modelo dos três dilemas proposto por Bamberg (2011) em combinação com o conceito de ameaça facial (BROWN e LEVINSON, 1987).

A análise mostra que a decisão de alguns estudantes imigrantes de revelar a sua vitimização devido a comportamentos racistas por parte de pessoas maioritárias, constitui uma ameaça à face coletiva da maioria. Apoiamos a afirmação de que esses alunos imigrantes se posicionam de forma complexa em relação ao discurso nacional, xenófobo e homogeneizante, projetando-se como vítimas e vitimizadores simultaneamente, construindo assim identidades híbridas de resistência.

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Biografia do Autor

Argiris Archakis, University of Patras

Professor University of Patras, Grécia.

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Publicado

2020-12-30

Como Citar

ARCHAKIS, A. Narrativas e identidades híbridas de imigrantes: análise de narrativas autobiográficas escritas por estudantes imigrantes na Grécia. Trabalhos em Linguística Aplicada, Campinas, SP, v. 59, n. 3, p. 1809–1832, 2020. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/tla/article/view/8660973. Acesso em: 17 out. 2021.

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