O papel da teoria da mente e da aprendizagem de crianças com transtorno do espectro autista na sala de aula

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/etd.v22i1.8655487

Palavras-chave:

Autismo, Teoria da mente, Leitura, Matemática

Resumo

O desenvolvimento da competência social é intrinsecamente difícil para os alunos com transtorno do espectro do autismo (TEA). Esses desafios relacionados à competência social são frequentemente atribuídos à cognição social, incluindo a Teoria da Mente (ToM), e não apenas interferem na capacidade de alcançar e manter relacionamentos sociais, mas também podem prejudicar o desempenho acadêmico. Os educadores são responsáveis ​​pela melhora do desempenho acadêmico das crianças com ASD e, devido a essa ênfase na instrução acadêmica, as intervenções que abordam a cognição social, incluindo ToM, podem ser negligenciadas em ambientes de sala de aula. No entanto, a influência do ToM e da cognição social no desempenho social e acadêmico torna essencial que os educadores comecem a abordar essas habilidades precocemente e em ambientes de sala de aula. O objetivo deste artigo é revisar a construção do ToM, bem como os links entre o ToM e o desenvolvimento de habilidades acadêmicas de alunos com ASD. Este artigo inclui exemplos de estratégias educacionais baseadas em evidências (ou seja, leitura e matemática) para alunos com TEA e explicam como essas estratégias também podem apoiar ToM

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Biografia do Autor

Kelly Whalon, Florida State University

Professor Associado em Educação Especial na Escola de Formação de Professores da Universidade Estadual da Flórida.

Sarah K. Cox, Universidade da Flórida

Pós-doutorado na escola de formação de professores da Florida State University no departamento de Educação Especial.

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Publicado

2020-02-05

Como Citar

WHALON, K.; COX, S. K. O papel da teoria da mente e da aprendizagem de crianças com transtorno do espectro autista na sala de aula. ETD - Educação Temática Digital, Campinas, SP, v. 22, n. 1, p. 10–26, 2020. DOI: 10.20396/etd.v22i1.8655487. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/etd/article/view/8655487. Acesso em: 4 dez. 2021.