Maca: del alimento perdido de los incas al milagros de los andes. estudio de seguridad alimentaria y nutricional

Autores

  • Gustavo Francisco Gonzales Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/san.v17i1.8634797

Palavras-chave:

Maca. Seguridad alimentaria. Alimento funcional. Andes centrales. Ciencia y tradición.

Resumo

El estudio ha sido diseñado para determinar el estado de salud en una población en los Andes centrales del Perú (Carhuamayo, 4100 m) que tradicionalmente consume maca comparado con aquella del mismo lugar que no consume maca. El estudio consiste en aplicar una encuesta sobre consumo de maca, aspectos sociodemográficos, de salud, y de fracturas en varones y mujeres de 35- 75 años de edad. A una submuestra se ha evaluado el perfil hepático, renal, y de hemoglobina. El 80% de los pobladores de Carhuamayo consumen maca. El 85% de esta población lo usa por motivos nutricionales. Se consume desde la niñez y principalmente cuando el hipocótilo es deshidratado naturalmente. El consumo es principalmente en forma de jugo y la variedade de consumo es una mezcla de colores. El consumo de maca se asocia a mejores puntajes de estado de salud, menores tasas de fracturas y menores puntajes de signos y síntomas de mal de montaña crónico. Se asocia igualmente al consumo de maca un menor Indice de Masa Corporal, y menor presión arterial sistólica. La función hepática, renal, el perfil lipídico y la glicemia se mantienen en lo normal. En conclusión, el consumo de maca como alimento es seguro.

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Biografia do Autor

Gustavo Francisco Gonzales, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia

Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas y Fisiológicas, Facultad de Ciencias y Filosofía, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia.Av. Honorio Delgado 430. Lima 31, Peru.

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Como Citar

1.
Gonzales GF. Maca: del alimento perdido de los incas al milagros de los andes. estudio de seguridad alimentaria y nutricional. Segur. Aliment. Nutr. [Internet]. 9º de fevereiro de 2015 [citado 28º de outubro de 2021];17(1):16-3. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/san/article/view/8634797

Edição

Seção

Artigo de Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional