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(In)segurança alimentar e nutricional
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Ambiente construído
Direito humano à alimentação adequada
Espaço social alimentar
Socioantropologia da alimentação

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SANSÃO, Marina Guarini; OLIVEIRA, Maria Rita Marques de; BARBOSA, Adriana Aparecida de Oliveira; BEATO, Gabriel Cunha; CARDOZO, Najla de Oliveira. (In)segurança alimentar e nutricional: sistemas e ambientes alimentares latino-americanos frente à pandemia da COVID-19. Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional, Campinas, SP, v. 30, n. 00, p. e023037, 2024. DOI: 10.20396/san.v30i00.8672882. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/san/article/view/8672882. Acesso em: 29 maio. 2024.

Resumo

Introdução: A América Latina apresenta um cenário de desigualdade histórica na garantia da Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional. Diante da COVID-19, os países latino-americanos tiveram suas crises políticas, econômicas, sociais e sanitárias potencializadas junto as mudanças dos sistemas e ambientes alimentares. Objetivo: Conhecer e sistematizar evidências científicas sobre a segurança alimentar e nutricional dos sistemas e ambientes alimentares latino-americanos frente à pandemia da COVID-19. Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão narrativa de literatura conduzida por meio de pesquisa bibliográfica nas bases de dados PubMed, SciELO, LILACS e Scopus, utilizando os descritores: “System food”, “Food environment”, “Insecurity food”, “Security food”, “COVID-19”, “SARS-CoV-2” e “Pandemic”. Resultados: O levantamento bibliográfico resultou na inclusão de 87 estudos, que mostrou nas características gerais dos estudos o predominio de trabalhos observacionais transversais (58%), publicados em 2020 (54%) e realizados no Brasil (50%) com abrangência populacional nacional (76%). Com a pandemia, os sistemas alimentares se fragmentaram em relação a produção e distribuição de alimentos, destacando problemas em respeito a falta de incentivos à agricultura familiar, enquanto os ambientes alimentares enfatizaram mudanças nos preços, publicidade, acesso e disponibilidade de alimentos, juntos da expansão do ambiente virtual de compra de alimentos, o delivery. Discussão: Há uma necessidade de formulação de estratégias e intervenções para propiciar a todos uma alimentação acessível, suficiente e de qualidade. A sistematização dos achados apontou a mitigação das consequências por meio da reorganização desde a produção até o consumo de alimentos. Na perspectiva de possibilidades de transições para sistemas e ambientes alimentares latino-americanos mais inclusivos e sustentáveis.

https://doi.org/10.20396/san.v30i00.8672882
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