Considerações sobre Abelisauridae (Dinosauria: Theropoda) e o registro brasileiro

  • Rafael Delcourt Unicamp
  • Natan Santos Brilhante Museu Nacional
  • Fresia Ricardi-Branco UNICAMP
Palavras-chave: Abelissaurídeos, Terópodes, Evolução, Fósseis, Brasil

Resumo

Abelisauridae é uma ampla família de dinossauros do grupo Theropoda, que inclui grandes animais carnívoros extintos bem como as aves dos dias atuais. Sua distribuição é majoritariamente sulista, mas alguns espécimes são oriundos da Europa. As relações filogenéticas dos abelissaurídeos têm se tornado refinadas, mas ainda existem discordâncias quanto ao posicionamento de grupos incluídos na família que merecem atenção. O plano corporal dos abelissaurídeos é conservador entre o grupo, mas apresenta uma grande disparidade morfológica no crânio. Eles também possuem uma tendência a desenvolver estruturas cranianas que variam entre chifres, espessamentos do crânio e coberturas córneas. A variedade de tecido mole craniano associado à estrutura esquelética sugerem que os abelissaurídeos poderiam apresentar comportamentos de marradas de baixo impacto. O registro brasileiro de abelissaurídeos ainda é escasso e são reconhecidas apenas duas espécies em diferentes unidades geológicas. Ainda assim, é possível verificar que a diversidade desse grupo no Brasil foi grande.

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Publicado
2020-05-07
Como Citar
Delcourt, R., Santos Brilhante , N., & Ricardi-Branco, F. (2020). Considerações sobre Abelisauridae (Dinosauria: Theropoda) e o registro brasileiro. Terrae Didatica, 16, e020017. https://doi.org/10.20396/td.v16i0.8656403
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