Tectônica de placas, 50 Anos

as origens e a evolução do conhecimento

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/td.v16i0.8660244

Palavras-chave:

Litosfera, Astenosfera, Arco magmático, Mobilismo, Fixismo, Tipos crustais

Resumo

Nos anos 1970, a formulação da Teoria da Tectônica de Placas revolucionou as Ciências da Terra. Pela primeira vez, os geólogos conseguiam explicar o fenômeno orogênico, com base na composição e estrutura sísmico-petrológica do planeta e do sua geodinâmica. A expansão daquelas concepções iniciais influenciou todos os campos das Geociências, tornando-se referência de livros-textos e sepultando a “Teoria Geossinclinal” e as ideias “fixistas”, em geral. Os detalhes da interação de placas ao longo do Tempo Geológico, a anatomia de diferentes cinturões orogênicos, bem como os processos de fusão e fissão de continentes revelaram a evolução irreversível da Terra. Após 50 anos, Plate Tectonics é uma teoria cientificamente rejuvenescida e inovadora, sem perder os vínculos essenciais. Este artigo apresenta os mais importantes fatos científicos e adendos, com base em referências bibliográficas e na experiência do autor, como professor e geólogo de campo.

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Biografia do Autor

Benjamin Bley de Brito-Neves, Universidade de São Paulo

Doutorado em Paleontologia e Estratigrafia pela Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Professor Sênior. Instituto de Geociências, Universidade de São Paulo.

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2020-12-18

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BRITO-NEVES, B. B. de. Tectônica de placas, 50 Anos: as origens e a evolução do conhecimento. Terrae Didatica, Campinas, SP, v. 16, p. e020043, 2020. DOI: 10.20396/td.v16i0.8660244. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/td/article/view/8660244. Acesso em: 31 jan. 2023.