Contextos, analogías y tareas, que exponen el propósito de los conceptos clave de probabilidad

Palavras-chave: Interacción de intuiciones, Propósito de los conceptos, Pensamiento probabilístico, Animaciones dinámicas

Resumo

La probabilidad es y seguirá siendo un concepto virtual. Esta especificidad requiere meta-estrategias que van mucho más allá de la instrucción de los detalles matemáticos y piden un uso sensato de la simulación. Sugerimos enfocar los esfuerzos de enseñanza en exponer explícitamente a los estudiantes al propósito del concepto de probabilidad. El propósito muestra el carácter de probabilidad indirectamente como los pasos requeridos para resolver una tarea hacen que las propiedades parezcan naturales en el contexto. Elaboramos tareas adecuadas y animaciones interactivas, que están diseñadas para superar los obstáculos de aprendizaje. Nos centramos en tres aspectos de la probabilidad: El carácter de las afirmaciones probabilísticas, el uso transparente de la probabilidad para las decisiones bajo riesgo y las consideraciones de inferencia informal en la educación temprana de probabilidad. Un criterio esencial de la enseñanza es hasta qué punto permite a los alumnos un acceso más directo a los conceptos en un nivel intuitivo. Para el diseño de animaciones didácticas, nuestros principios se caracterizan por las siguientes ideas: Se explora un cambio dinámico en comparación con la situación inicial. Como si se tratara de ver un vídeo, se observan las diferentes etapas de la emergencia de una relación entre los conceptos investigados.

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Biografia do Autor

Manfred Borovcnik, Universität Klagenfurt

Doctor in Statistics and its Didactics from the University of Klagenfurt (AAU). Professor at the Department of Statistics, Alpen-Adria Universität Klagenfurt (AAU), Klagenfurt, Austria.

Referências

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Publicado
2020-03-03
Como Citar
Borovcnik, M. (2020). Contextos, analogías y tareas, que exponen el propósito de los conceptos clave de probabilidad. Zetetike, 28, e020008. https://doi.org/10.20396/zet.v28i0.8657607
Seção
Dossiê Temático