Pressing “rewind” and “forward” to negotiate a transcultural position

Global challenges of art between the 1960s and 1990s, Fluxus, and the case of Nam June Paik

Autores

  • Franziska Koch Universidade de Heidelberg

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/modos.v5i3.8667107

Palavras-chave:

Estratégias transculturais, Nam June Paik, Fluxus, Japão, Crítica institucional

Resumo

As estratégias artísticas transculturais formuladas pela rede Fluxus durante a década de 1960, abrangendo Europa, Leste Asiático e Estados Unidos, são uma importante referência na busca de maneiras de escrever história da arte de forma global. Essas estratégias desafiaram os enquadramentos artísticos nacionais construídos pelo legado eurocêntrico do modernismo. Neste artigo, centro-me no (auto) posicionamento de Nam June Paik em sua negociação com os mecanismos taxonômicos do Museu Guggenheim de Nova York em 1994. Analisarei as condições e os limites de sua mediação cultural. A primeira parte do meu artigo mostra como Paik criou um quadro refinado da arte experimental japonesa, como um coreano que havia estudado em Tóquio durante os anos 1950 e que revisitou a cidade nos anos 1960. Em sua versão, Paik emprega estratégias discursivas transculturais voltadas para a reescrita da história da arte de maneiras que levam em conta as múltiplas agências e emaranhados culturais. A segunda parte do meu estudo analisa o conflito institucional resultante entre Paik e a mostra panorâmica sobre o Japão do Guggenheim, Scream against the sky, para o qual ele contribuiu com um ensaio, mas se recusou a participar com um trabalho. Este artigo articula o (contra) potencial transcultural de artistas que trabalha(ra)m além das fronteiras, especialmente em momentos em que a canonização ocidental era uma faca de dois gumes.

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Biografia do Autor

Franziska Koch, Universidade de Heidelberg

Professora Assistente de História da Arte Global, Centro de Estudos Transculturais de Heidelberg, Universidade de Heidelberg.

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Publicado

2021-10-15

Como Citar

KOCH, F. Pressing “rewind” and “forward” to negotiate a transcultural position: Global challenges of art between the 1960s and 1990s, Fluxus, and the case of Nam June Paik . MODOS: Revista de História da Arte, Campinas, SP, v. 5, n. 3, p. 164–195, 2021. DOI: 10.20396/modos.v5i3.8667107. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/mod/article/view/8667107. Acesso em: 30 nov. 2022.

Edição

Seção

Dossiê - A "virada global" como um futuro disciplinar para a História da Arte