Conhecendo as diferentes faces do ozônio

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/td.v17i00.8666858

Palavras-chave:

Buraco na camada de ozônio, Protocolo de Montreal, Conteúdo total de ozônio, Radiação ultravioleta

Resumo

O ozônio (O3) é um gás presente em duas camadas da atmosfera terrestre: na troposfera (altura 0-15 km), camada que contém 75% do volume total de gases presentes na atmosfera, e na estratosfera, camada que se estende entre 15 e 50 km de altitude. O processo de formação do O3 em cada uma dessas camadas é diferente, bem como os impactos na saúde humana: enquanto o O3 troposférico é deletério à saúde, o estratosférico tem um efeito indireto benéfico. A fim de contribuir para a disseminação do conhecimento sobre o O3, aqui é descrito, por meio de uma revisão atualizada da literatura, o processo de formação do O3 em cada camada atmosférica, seu impacto na saúde humana e, também, os fatores que causam a depleção da camada de ozônio.

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Biografia do Autor

Ana Letícia Campos Yamamoto, Universidade Federal de Itajubá

Doutoranda em Meio Ambiente e Recursos Hídricos pela Universidade Federal de Itajubá (Unifei).

Michelle Simões Reboita, Universidade Federal de Itajubá

Doutora em Meteorologia pela Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Professora Associada da Universidade Federal de Itajubá (Unifei).

Marcelo de Paula Corrêa, Universidade Federal de Itajubá

Doutor em Meteorologia pela Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Professor Associado da Universidade Federal de Itajubá (Unifei).

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2021-10-19

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YAMAMOTO, A. L. C.; REBOITA, M. S.; CORRÊA, M. de P. Conhecendo as diferentes faces do ozônio. Terrae Didatica, Campinas, SP, v. 17, n. 00, p. e021036, 2021. DOI: 10.20396/td.v17i00.8666858. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/td/article/view/8666858. Acesso em: 30 nov. 2021.

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